Useful Tips

How to protect yourself from ticks and avoid their bites


With the onset of real spring warmth, we hasten to immediately go out into the countryside: sit by the fire, on a green lawn and, together with friends, family, feel the beginning of an active holiday.

But it is in the grass and on the trees that the main danger and the only drawback of this ideal picture can await us. But, do not immediately despair.

In fact, you can simply protect against ticks in nature and relax with pleasure, without consequences. In the material you will learn how to avoid tick bites and what means should be used for this.

What a tick is terrible

Tick-borne viral encephalitis is a serious infectious disease with a primary lesion of the central nervous system and can be fatal. You can become infected with encephalitis by "picking up" a tick in a park, forest, or even in a country house.

Usually, the incubation (hidden) period of the disease lasts 10-14 days, sometimes even up to 60 days. The disease begins with chills, severe headache and a sharp rise in temperature to 38-39 degrees. Nausea and vomiting may occur, as well as muscle pain.

All ticks are arthropod arachnids. Like any spider, the tick has 8 legs, and also the body and head, which often breaks off when trying to remove the tick independently. The tick is attached to the blood vessels and through its proboscis can transmit pathogens of dangerous diseases to the blood.

You can also become infected with this disease by eating raw milk of goats, sheep, cows, which were bitten by ticks in the spring. Therefore, milk should be consumed only after boiling.

Experts also advise people who do not visit the forest to check the animals and plants that they bring to the house, in particular flowers.

How to protect yourself from ticks

Before you go to nature, pay attention to your clothes. Be sure to wear shirts, sweatshirts with long sleeves, tuck trousers in socks or boots, you also need to cover your head with a hat - this way you can protect exposed skin from getting a tick on them. During the rest, periodically inspect your body and clothes, and also treat them with special means, aerosols, which are available in each pharmacy.

In addition to these funds, you can take a preventive vaccine, and if you have not been vaccinated, but a tick has already bitten you, you can carry out seroprophylaxis - the introduction of a human immunoglobulin against tick-borne encephalitis within 96 hours after sucking the ticks. This procedure can only be done in a medical facility.

How to avoid tick bites:

  1. For a picnic, it is best to choose coniferous forests.that are not inhabited by ticks. In mixed and deciduous areas it is better to settle in dry glades, lit by the sun, away from swamps, shrubs, tall grass.
  2. Find the right clothes for your vacation. Instead of short shorts, T-shirts, open slippers and sandals, wear a tracksuit with long legs and sleeves, zippers, high socks, sneakers or gym shoes, a hat.
  3. According to statistics, ticks are mainly absorbed in the area, armpits, groin, abdomen, hips, as well as behind the ears and neck. These zones need to be closed especially carefully.
  4. Before the trip, soak your clothes with special ticksYou can also apply a spray or ointment to the body and hands. If you are going to plunge into water, do not forget that repellent preparations dissolve in water, so be sure to update them after bathing, in the rain.
  5. When you get home, immediately undress and examine your body, to detect ticks that did not have time to stick to the skin, but clung to tissue. Be sure to take a shower, and clothes that were in nature, shake and wash in hot water. Also, if there were animals in nature with you, inspect them for ticks. Inspect the bouquets of wildflowers, in which you can also bring a tick into the house.

If you suddenly could not protect yourself from a tick bite in nature, immediately consult a doctor to extract it from under the skin. Doing it yourself is not recommended, since you can leave one of the parts of the body of the tick under the skin. If necessary, the doctor will give you an anti-mite immunoglobulin. If you suddenly removed the insect yourself - wrap it in wet gauze, put it in a jar and deliver it to the study to exclude the virus.

Note that vaccination will protect you from a terrible disease, but will not protect against ticks per se, therefore external security measures remain in force. Spend time outdoors safely and with pleasure!

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How to avoid a tick bite?

Basically, precautions come down to stop ticks from getting onto your body. Many recommend wrapping themselves in protective clothing almost from head to toe. This, of course, is effective, but far from always we want to take a walk in the forest / park in such "uniforms", etc. But your clothes are one of the most important factors helping to avoid a tick bite.

Try to close your legs as best as possible: choose closed shoes, adjacent pants, it is better if they are below on an elastic band. It is believed that ticks can jump on a person from trees, but in fact this is not so, they can not get there. Mostly, ticks await the victim on grass or shrubs. But this does not mean that the head does not need to be protected.

Very often, for a bite, ticks choose the most inconspicuous places, or areas with delicate skin: genital area, head, area near ears, skin folds. These most vulnerable areas need protection.

If the weather and your plans allow you to wear clothes that cover your body as much as possible, great. If you live in a region with increased tick activity, this is especially true.

In addition to proper clothing, protection from a tick bite on a hike or on a walk involves the use of special tools. All existing tools can be divided into several groups:

  • Repellents - repellent substances. Usually sold in aerosol form. It is necessary to spray the product in those places where the penetration of ticks is most likely: ankles, hips, knees, waist, hands. Here are a few effective drugs: Biban, Acrosol, Gal-rat. When processing the entire surface of clothing with repellent, it repels ticks with 95% efficiency, and the effect lasts up to 5 days.
  • Acaricidal substances - toxins that infect ticks, causing them to die. They also process clothes, in contact with which the tick gets severe poisoning. Among the most popular: "Permanon," Pretix ".
  • Acaricidal repellents - combine the qualities of the two previous ones. One of the best tools is KRA-rep

When using all these drugs, you need to remember that their effectiveness is reduced by moisture. They guarantee reliable protection only in dry weather.

How else to protect yourself from ticks in the forest? An equally important point is the examination of your body. If the walk in nature was short-lived, carefully examine your body immediately upon arrival, especially the vulnerabilities that we wrote about above. Also carefully inspect your clothes and wash them so as not to bring the tick home. If you are in tick habitats for a long time, it is better to periodically allocate several minutes for inspection in order to detect a bite in time.

How to protect yourself from ticks in the country?

Recently, ticks began to inhabit not only in forests and wild places, but also in cottages. How to protect yourself from a tick bite in the area?

  • Try to mow the grass as often as possible, cut the bushes, and remove branches from the territory. The fewer objects that they can hide in anticipation of the victim, the less likely they are to bite.
  • Do not ignore the appearance of rodents and destroy them, as often they bring ticks with them.
  • If you have already found ticks at your dacha, you can use acaricidal agents and treat them with the territory.
  • Check your pet often for ticks that may be in the area.

Well, do not forget about the main methods of protection - closed clothing, preferably light shades, on which the tick is easier to notice.

Vaccinations - Prevention of Encephalitis Tick

If you live in places of increased tick activity, vaccination will be the wisest decision. Although it cannot prevent the bite of an encephalitis tick, it will protect you from the effects of a bite, namely encephalitis, or other transmitted diseases.

It is better to be vaccinated before the tick season so that at least two weeks pass before the probable contact with them.

Any problem, in particular a tick bite, is better to prevent than to solve it later. Do not forget about safety measures, and then your health and the health of your loved ones will be safe.

Avoiding Tick Bites: Best Ways to Protect

With the onset of real spring warmth, we hasten to immediately go out into the countryside: sit by the fire, on a green lawn and, together with friends, family, feel the beginning of an active holiday.

But it is in the grass and on the trees that the main danger and the only drawback of this ideal picture can await us. But, do not immediately despair.

In fact, you can simply protect against ticks in nature and relax with pleasure, without consequences. In the material you will learn how to avoid tick bites and what means should be used for this.

Who should be vaccinated

Viral encephalitis is acute, with high fever, nausea and vomiting. The virus infects the spinal cord and brain and can lead to paralysis, disability, even death. It is very difficult to treat it, so the best remedy for encephalitis is vaccination. Unfortunately, if you are going to nature for the May holidays, now it’s too late to get vaccinated. After all, to get a protective effect, one had to catch one's mind at least a month ago. For a lasting result, you need to get two vaccinations, and the protective effect occurs only two weeks after re-vaccination, and the interval between the first and second should be at least 14 days.

To make the first vaccine against encephalitis right now is for those who plan summer and autumn trips to regions where there is encephalitis. The standard vaccination schedule requires three vaccinations and an interval of one month between them.

Encephalitis vaccination should not be given to children under one year of age and to those who are allergic to eggs and vaccine vaccine components, as well as while taking other medicines.

How to minimize risk without vaccination

If you plan to go to the regions with high activity of encephalitis ticks during the May holidays, think in advance about protection against infection. According to Galina Karganova, most people expose themselves and loved ones to unnecessary risk simply because they do not think about ticks. “Do everything in your power to avoid being sucked in,” she says.

Wear closed clothing and shoes before strolling through the woods or parks. It minimizes the risk of ticks crawling onto the body. Use tick sprays. They need to generously spray shoes and pants below the knee. Clothing should cover arms and legs, ideally with rubber bands on the wrists and ankles. No need to wallow on the grass, immerse yourself in a bouquet of wildflowers, touch the grass with your hair. Hair is generally best removed under a hat or under a hood. Ticks move slowly, they can easily be found and removed from clothes and shoes. Therefore, while in nature, it is advisable to periodically carefully examine yourself and children.

“Often ticks are brought home from walking on clothes and shoes. There was a case of sucking a tick even to the body of a paralyzed old woman who does not leave the house: it was the children who brought her a bouquet of wildflowers from a walk, ”said Professor Karganova.

If the tick is already at your place, it will certainly find a victim. Therefore, when you come home from a park or forest, carefully inspect all clothing, and it is better to wash it at high temperature in a washing machine. If you cannot do this right away, simply put your clothes and shoes in a large plastic bag and tie it tight so that arthropods, if they are there, cannot crawl out.

Often ticks are brought from the street by pets. Therefore, cats and dogs must be treated with special means, put on them anti-mite collars. Then the risk of becoming a victim of an arthropod will decrease several times.

Check tick for virus

If you are still bitten by a tick, you need to remove it from the body as soon as possible. “You don’t have to run to the medical center with him and lose time, since it depends on the rate of removal of the tick whether infection can be avoided,” says Professor Karganova. It is better to remove the tick not with your hands, but with a thread, tweezers or a hook for the proboscis (loosen with rotational movements and pull it out completely).

“It so happens that parts of the tick remain. This is unpleasant, qualifies as a splinter, but it is easier to deal with it later. The main thing is to prevent infection with dangerous infections, ”the biologist explained. The tick extracted from the body must be stored in a jar or test tube and promptly taken to a laboratory for diagnosis. Addresses of laboratories can be found on the websites of the territorial administrations of Rospotrebnadzor. Muscovites can seek expertise at the Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology.

The analysis should be carried out immediately. So far, the only effective way to prevent tick-borne encephalitis is the introduction of immunoglobulin. But it can be entered within 72 hours after the bite, then it is already useless. And the analysis will take more than a day, so it is important not to lose time.

Symptoms of encephalitis, borreliosis and other tick-borne diseases are difficult to recognize at the initial stages. In many patients, they are similar to the symptoms of poisoning, SARS, or overwork, so only a blood test doctor can diagnose them. If you have these diseases, get treatment right away. If these diseases are not treated, they can lead to complications - even to such severe cases as damage to the nervous system and brain (with borreliosis and with anaplasmosis). The last diagnosis can also cause severe kidney damage. Hemorrhagic fever, in turn, can develop into sepsis, focal pneumonia, acute renal failure. Therefore, in no case do not put off “for later” the antiviral therapy prescribed by your doctor.