Excessive lacrimation and blocking of the lacrimal canals.
Excessive tear production may cause tear duct blockage. When the tears that appear do not have the ability to drain, they remain on the dog's face. It is important to keep the area around the eyes dry, because moistening with tears can cause infection. If the hair around the eyes is moistened with tears, bacteria and / or acidification may develop there. Infection can cause deep reddish brown spots. Bacterial infection can also cause excessive tear production and stains.
If your dog has blocked tear ducts, you should contact your veterinarian ophthalmologist. He will examine your dog and determine if there is a need to open the lacrimal canals.
Ear problem associated with tearing.
When a dog has an ear infection, this can cause tear production, which is accompanied by the appearance of red spots.
Ear infection can be caused by several reasons:
• Poor drying after bathing can cause water to get inside the ear canal, causing a bacterial infection. Always dry your dog’s ears after bathing.
• Ear mites are small infectious organisms that look like ticks. If you look with the naked eye, then the ticks look like a tiny white dot. An infection usually has characteristic dry black discharge, reminiscent of spilled coffee. This type of infection can also cause excessive lacrimation and spots.
• Excessive tinnitus can cause moisture retention and is an ideal place for infection to develop. Try to keep your dog’s ears free of extra hair. You can remove them by gently pulling them out with your fingers. Consult your veterinarian if you need help with ear hair removal.
When puppies lose their children's teeth, they are usually called "milk", the puppies change in development, and this can act on the lacrimal canals. Puppies need a lot of chewing toys at this time.
Fleas and ticks are not only undesirable in the house for you, but they are also a big problem for your dog. They can settle on your dog.
Some types of food contain certain dyes, additives that can cause lacrimation, and many owners think that these problems are watery eyes and stains forever. Try to find foods that do not have allergy-causing ingredients. Distilled mineral water is an ideal way to try to prevent the occurrence of excessive tearing.
The atmosphere in the house.
The smoke around your dog is harmful. It irritates the eyes and can cause excessive tearing and blemishes. Do not smoke near dogs. Hair or debris in the eyes can irritate and / or cause infection. Eye irritation causes a large number of tears. Dogs must live in clean rooms.
Many dog owners believe that tear stains may be genetic. There are dog breeders who report that adult dogs who have little or no tear spots have puppies who also have few or no spots, or vice versa. Many breeders agree that there is a predisposition to the appearance of spots from tears.
How to prevent or avoid stains from tears.
When you try to whiten spots in your dog, remember that without identifying the causes, you will constantly encounter this problem. It should be said that there are many different ways that can help you prevent or avoid stains.
Here are some suggestions:
Please note that here is only a list of the directions that I follow with my dogs.
First, clean stain areas with PurePaws products such as Ultra No Rinse Shampoo mixed with 50% distilled water or Ultra No Rinse Spray daily. Apply to the area of contamination, work with your fingers, avoiding contact with eyes, nose and mouth. Once a week, the area of spot formation, wipe with a cotton swab, moistening it with 3% hydrogen peroxide, ONLY AREA OF WHITENING! It is important not to get into the eyes, nose and mouth. Remove excess with a towel and leave for how many minutes (be careful not to get in your eyes, after processing, wash your hands with soap).
Secondly, gently dry the bleaching area, first patting it with a towel, then blow dry.
Thirdly, take a brush and distribute the bleaching Powder. This powder will help you remove moisture from the coat.
Fourth, make sure that you clean your face every day and that your eyes are not wet. Always pay great attention to this area when treating your dog with air conditioning.
Advice (consult your veterinarian).
Many breeders succeed by using special products that reduce and stop tearing, such as Tylan powder. Typically, such drugs give 10 days, and may need to be repeated. Such medications can not be used in puppies. They can cause yellowing of the teeth in puppies. Please consult your veterinarian before giving the dog any medication.
Best ingredients = Best results.
In some dogs, there is often a problem of changing the color of the coat under the eyes from tears that turn the coat pink, and sometimes coat the coat with sticky brown secretions. This is not an aesthetic phenomenon, forcing the hosts to take a wide variety of measures to eliminate it.
Traces of tears often disturb owners of small dogs with light hair such breeds as terriers, maltese, bichon, shih tzu and poodles and due to the special structure of the eyeball. Quite often, cats, especially Persian breeds, also suffer from this problem.
Brown, sticky discharge is essentially of the same nature as discharge from the eyes of a person in the morning after sleep. And the pink-brown color of the coat is caused by bacteria and yeast.
Professional groomers advise cleaning the hair under the dog’s eyes daily. It will be useful to consult with a veterinarian to rule out an infectious eye disease. Veterinarians claim that excessive staining due to discharge from the eyes can be caused by a number of different factors, including too much discharge of tears due to irritation or discomfort, obstruction of the tear ducts, eyelash or eyelid obstruction, irregular eyelid structure, etc. Veterinarians often observe such anomalies in the structure of the eyes of dogs as an additional row of eyelashes, too thick eyelashes in the corners of the eye, etc., which require medical, and sometimes surgical correction.
Sometimes profuse tear production is caused by allergies or air pollution. So, a case is known when in one of the dogs suffering from this problem, the owner was a heavy smoker. Later, the dog changed its owner and after 18 months the problem disappeared.
However, in most cases, tear marks are a cosmetic rather than a medical problemdue to improper grooming of the dog’s coat. Tangled long hair, especially wet, creates the perfect environment for skin infection. Veterinarians claim that wet eczema and dermatitis are quite common around the dog’s head.
First of all, you should ensure the cleanliness of the skin of the dog, especially in the eye area. Once a day, wipe it with a damp cloth, removing traces of contamination. In addition, the hair should be shaved briefly around the eyes and especially in the corners of the eyes to prevent the formation of secretions. Veterinarians do not recommend the use of any chemicals or even mild soaps to clean the skin, since toxic substances can get into the eyes.
In some cases, eye drops prescribed by a veterinarian can get rid of tear marks. Some groomers recommend sprinkling the area under the eyes with baby powder, others using boric acid, which they rub into the hair under the eyes with a toothbrush. Thus, the substance fills the hair follicles, preventing the penetration of tears into them.
If it is necessary to clean the coat of dried out secretions, you can carefully comb out the problem area with a very thick comb. Sometimes you even have to cut the dried hair, however, in this case, you often have to seek the help of a professional grinder or veterinarian.
It should be remembered that if your dog suffers from this problem, you need to pay attention to it daily. In order to keep your dog’s eyes healthy, they should be regularly examined by a veterinarian and ensure that the coat and skin around the eyes are kept clean and that the dog protrudes its head from the window while the car is moving.
P.S. Currently, pet product manufacturers offer a wide range of solutions to this problem, for example, Oatmeal & Aloe Foaming Facial (foam, USA), Excel Tear Stain Remover Pads (wipes, USA), Namadayake (kit for cleansing tear tracks in dogs and cats , Japan), Eye Envy (powder and lotion, USA), Trixie dog and cat eye stain remover (Germany), 8in1 Tear Clear (lotion), 8in1 Excel Tear Stain Remover Pads (wipes), Angels' Eyes Natural, masking for eyes Bio-Grood from tear tracks, Show Tech No More Tear (eye lotion), Show Tech Tear Stain Remover, Artero Pretty Eyes (eye lotion), Oftal Augenpflege (los he Beafar) Lotion for removing lachrymal spots in cats and dogs "Sensitiv" (Beafar) and so forth.
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The causes of the tracks:
Narrowing of the lacrimal canal
This can be a hereditary disease, which is often observed in dogs of small breeds, or a consequence of a past illness - for example, conjunctivitis, inflammation of the lacrimal sac, and even an ordinary cold.
Often, an allergic reaction of the body also provokes increased lacrimation in dogs. The culprit is most often food, so you should pay due attention to the selection of food for a pet with light wool. At the same time, remember the main rule: you cannot drastically change one type of feed to another, the transition should be smooth and gradual. Otherwise, the pet may have digestive problems.
Ear infections, tooth changes, infectious diseases of the mouth
Not the most obvious diseases of the oral cavity and ears can also cause increased lacrimation in dogs.
The reasons for the appearance of the lacrimal paths, in fact, are many. Therefore, if you notice brownish marks on the pet's face, you should not rely only on the cosmetic removal of the lacrimal paths.
First of all, you should show your pet to a veterinarian. The specialist will determine the true nature of the problem and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
However, during therapy, the lacrimal paths must be removed. A humid environment is a favorable place for the formation of pathogenic bacteria, which can easily cause the development of more serious ailments. How to remove tear tracks in dogs?
Tear track removers
Today, in any pet store or veterinary pharmacy, it’s easy enough to find a variety of remedies for lacrimal paths in dogs. These include various lotions, and cleansers, and wet swabs, and even masking powder. Such products are produced not only by foreign but also Russian companies. The choice will be made by a veterinarian - he will recommend the most suitable product specifically for your pet, taking into account its type of coat.
What exactly is not recommended is to use folk remedies to remove the lacrimal paths.
You can often find tips such as wiping off traces with lemon juice or boric alcohol. Similar methods can seriously injure the animal if the substance enters the mucous membrane.
In this matter, it is better to trust competent specialists.
Prevention of the formation of lacrimal paths
Sometimes the appearance of tear paths can be prevented. To do this, just follow a series of simple recommendations:
Periodically inspect the pet’s eyes for redness, inflammation, swelling,
Regularly clean them of accumulated dirt and dust with special wipes. You can use gauze. Experts do not recommend replacing it with cotton, as it can leave fibers,
Moisturizing ophthalmic solutions are suitable for washing - in extreme cases, you can use a decoction of chamomile. Weak tea is also sometimes recommended, but it is not suitable for white dogs and animals with light hair, because it can leave dark marks,
Do not allow shampoo or conditioner to get into the dog’s eyes; always gently wash the hair on the pet’s head. If a cosmetic product gets into your eyes, rinse immediately with water.
Causes of Excessive Lacrimation
- Conjunctivitis, which results in a narrowing of the lacrimal canals or their complete blockage.
- Inversion of the inner eyelid.
- Defects or features of eyelash growth.
- Congenital defects of the eyes.
- The presence of a foreign object under the eyelid.
- Ear or tooth infections.
- Lack of vitamins, minerals, fatty acids in animal nutrition.
- Allergy to certain foods.
- Irritation of the mucous membranes of the eyes by various substances (for example, tobacco smoke).
- Inadequate hygiene care for dog hair.
Identification of the true cause of lacrimation in dogs allows you to take appropriate measures to eliminate the problem or at least reduce the manifestation of lacrimal paths and their consequences.
After examination, the veterinarian will prescribe appropriate therapy if necessary. In addition, a dog prone to the formation of lacrimal paths needs regular hygiene procedures, which not only exclude an unsightly appearance, but also help the animal avoid unpleasant sensations.
How to remove lacrimal paths in dogs
Due to the excessive amount of tears, the hair under the eyes sticks together and acquires reddish-brown smudges, which are especially noticeable in dogs with light hair. To remove them, you must first use a cleanser. It can be in the form of foam or lotion. Cosmetic products should be designed specifically for the eyes. As a rule, they have a neutral pH and do not irritate the mucous membranes of the eye.
Using a cotton pad or sponge, the product is applied to smudges, the wool is allowed to get wet and cleaned with clean movements with contaminated areas. You can use ready-made napkins with impregnation. There should be at least two cotton pads or napkins - for each eye.
The peeled coat is allowed to dry. If the dog is not afraid of the hair dryer, then you can use it to dry it. The hairs on the face under the eyes are carefully combed with a small plastic brush or a toothbrush.
For one procedure to restore the natural color of the coat and remove the lacrimal paths in dogs with a white color usually does not work. Therefore, to restore color, you can use 3% hydrogen peroxide. It is also applied with a cotton pad. In this case, maximum attention should be paid so that the product does not get into the eyes of the pet.
For whitening wool, you can use special zinc pastes from the arsenal of “dog cosmetics”. If necessary, eye drops with anti-inflammatory, bactericidal and antihistamine action are instilled into the dog’s eyes.
Excessive lacrimation in dogs is not only a decorative flaw, therefore it is very important to treat it with all responsibility. Compliance with the rules of bathing, nutrition and hygiene can greatly facilitate the life of both the dog and its owner. Let the problem of lacrimal paths in dogs not arise and do not overshadow you pleasant communication with your beloved friend.