Each state on the planet expresses interest in the extraction and production of high quality metals. The process should be the least costly and environmentally friendly. Extraction of iron ore requires the existence of natural resources, requires high-tech equipment and is expensive.
Source of additional income
Metals recycling can reduce production costs, reduce the consumption of natural resources and solve the problem of environmental pollution. The search for scrap can be of any interest. This is a fascinating process, and a source of additional income. You can collect it for free. The cost at which scrap metal is taken at processing points varies by region. This type of earnings brings income to people involved in its collection, sorting and delivery to recycling facilities, regardless of territory, the search for scrap metal in Siberia is no different from the territory of the Far East or other parts of the country.
Search for scrap metal - a beginner may raise certain questions. First of all, you need to decide where to conduct the search.
It is worth mentioning the places where to collect scrap metal constructively:
- on agricultural and farm fields,
- in forests,
- at abandoned landfills,
- in the territory of old repair bases,
- in closed and abandoned factories and enterprises,
- in landfills
- in the city,
- in the countryside.
To find out where to get scrap metal, it is enough to study the contents of your own pantries, garages, sheds and other rooms where failed appliances are stored.
Collection of scrap metal on agricultural and farm fields
Abandoned fields and thickets of vegetation located in close proximity are suitable for searching for scrap metal. You can find old parts from tractors or other agricultural machinery. Due to the large size, repairs occur on the field, and failed parts are left there. The edges of agricultural fields are literally strewn with metal objects suitable for recycling.
Scrap metal search in forests
The territory of Russia stores a large amount of military equipment in its forests. A terrible legacy has remained from the time of the battles. Many of these "military equipment cemeteries" have long been abandoned. Removing and disposing of such waste is unprofitable. The solution of environmental problems for the cleaning of forests from scrap metal lies on the shoulders of enthusiasts and people involved in the collection and delivery of recycled materials to collection points. Scrap metal in the forest may be unsafe due to the possibility of finding unused ammunition.
Scrap metal collection at military training grounds
At the ranges and shooting ranges you can find a large number of shells and even dummies of military equipment. The search for metal objects requires special equipment. The best time to look is early spring. During this period, snow melts and the earth becomes loose, which makes it possible to detect and easily remove scrap metal from the earth.
Scrap metal collection at idle repair bases
Many of these bases are already devastated, but occasionally "earners" may smile at luck. Oversized equipment was repaired at such bases. Each item found weighs a lot. Finding suitable metal waste for recycling here is facilitated by the fact that all of them were stored in clearly defined places. Therefore, having discovered deposits of scrap metal, you do not need to spend time scanning every centimeter of the territory.
Search for scrap metal at abandoned plants and enterprises
Almost every city in Russia has one or more non-working enterprises. Deposits of aluminum, ferrous metals or copper are often found on their territory. Most factories have long been investigated, however, the collection of scrap metal in such an area should not be stopped. The amount of buried metal waste here is huge.
Collection of scrap metal in landfills
A real Klondike can be an urban scrap dump. These locations are great for beginners and professional scrap earners. Here you can find various types of metals, as well as quickly learn how to determine their type and value. Abandoned landfills, which are no longer very popular with searchers, can be valuable. Do not forget about the unpleasant specific smell. It is best to get respirators or other items to protect your airways.
Scrap metal collection in the countryside
It is advisable to search for metal waste on the territory of abandoned collective farms and villages, on farms in the ground and along the edges of agricultural roads. Transport was repaired on site, and parts were thrown onto the side of the road. To search for abandoned villages, it is better to get maps of 50-60 years of the 20th century, compare them with the current location of settlements, pay attention to the territories that were abandoned. Scrap metal can be found in former cowsheds or agricultural equipment repair workshops.
Metal in the city
You can collect scrap metal in the city at public transport stops, car repair shops or household appliances. Building sites, abandoned houses, and garage cooperatives are also rich in them. Garbage containers contain household appliances thrown away by citizens, electrical wiring, metal pipes. Scrap metal in the city can even be found in parks and streets, as well as in the territories left after the demolition of residential buildings, especially in the suburbs or the private sector.
In the urban area it is much easier to find places where to take non-ferrous scrap metal, abundant in brass and aluminum. Often in trash cans you can find copper. Its source is electrical wires, some decorative items or utensils, and building components. Do not think about where to get copper for scrap, if there are nearby areas of abandoned metallurgical enterprises.
The search for scrap requires time, effort and special equipment. Metal detectors vary in power and size. They allow you to detect scrap metal in a field or in a forest, but there are devices that can find metal products at a depth. As an alternative, powerful magnets (from 1.2 tons) are suitable.
It will take transport for the removal of scrap metal and the territory on which it will be sorted and processed for delivery to recycling. Better to use a barn. It is important to sort the scrap found, to separate ferrous metals from non-ferrous, to get rid of excess rubber or plastic parts in the items found. Unassembled metal will not be accepted for recycling.
Identification of places most likely to succeed
The choice of locations for possible scrap should begin with a detailed study of the area. It should be understood that, most likely, we are not talking about a large amount of buried metal. In most cases, these are discarded items of metal utensils, the remains of old equipment, destroyed building structures, or something else in relatively small volumes.
First of all, it is necessary to find out what was in the intended places of the search before. The most promising areas for organizing the search for scrap can be considered:
- the territory of the former location of villages, villages, farms, country cooperatives and other settlements that were left by people for various reasons,
- locations of closed repair shops, machine-tractor stations, agricultural machinery enterprises and other technical units that have ceased operations,
- former agricultural farms, greenhouses, agricultural equipment,
- places of the former deployment of military units and subdivisions, with the exception of missile forces, where the metal may be toxic or radioactive,
- working areas of country dumps and processing landfills that are not classified as closed exclusion zones.
You should not begin the search for metal objects in areas that fall under the Law on the Protection of Non-Purpose Lands or are defined as the sites for archaeological work. It is forbidden to collect scrap metal in the exclusion zones of railways. Sources for collecting information can be people's stories, old topographic maps, data from old media.
Indirect evidence of the presence of metals in the earth
During their searches, experienced collectors constantly use a number of external signs that determine the level of probability of metal scrap in the ground. This helps to determine the future prospects of searches conducted without a metal detector. These signs include:
- small hills among flat areas, overgrown with grass and shrubs,
- the remains of old foundations, as confirmation of the former capital construction,
- concrete hatches or manholes poured with concrete, asphalt or covered with earth into underground structures.
Self-infiltration can be dangerous. Such structures may be filled with hazardous gases or vapors. Therefore, such checks must be carried out only in the presence of an insurance partner.
Scrap collection sites
Search for non-ferrous scrap - interesting occupation. In order to find impressive volumes of metal recyclables, it is important to know the places where you can find colormet with high probability.
- Landfill. The search for scrap here brings good results, because in landfills you can find not only worn out spare parts, but also old household appliances:
- washing machines.
And they are the source:
The collection of non-ferrous metal in a landfill is complicated by the fact that there is a lot of garbage, and finding the right thing is difficult. Plus bad smell and unsanitary conditions. However, if you dress properly and invite friends to help, you can collect up to 50-100 kg of metal recyclables per day.
In the process of searching, ferrous metal will often come across. It may turn out that taking it will be more profitable due to the larger amount. You will find useful articles about the cop of ferrous metal and prices for it at points of reception.
Copper considered one of the most expensive metals, for kilogram can get up 300 rubles. Therefore, people specializing in the search for scrap seek to find as much copper scrap as possible.
Where to look for copper for scrap:
- on city dumps - unusable televisions, refrigerators, washing machines contain a lot of copper spare parts,
- on abandoned factories and factories
- near power plants you can find decommissioned cable wires or failed transformers.
To get copper, it is not enough to find the Soviet refrigerator and completely hand it over. It is important to separate all parts containing copper. For example, in an old tube TV, it is in the transformer and wires. In the refrigerator, valuable metal is contained in the compressor (more than a kilogram).
Where else where can I find copper for scrap?
Old electric motorand contain a copper winding, and burnt fluorescent lamps - copper fittings weighing up to 200-300 grams. Considering that many enterprises periodically emit such lamps in huge quantities, you can get a good income.
Vine or metal bars to search
To determine the presence of metals in the surface layers of the soil, you can use a wire with a diameter of 5-6 mm bent at a right angle. The short side is approximately 100 mm long and 150 mm long. When conducting a search, the short side of the fabricated frame rests on the palm of the right hand and, resting a smaller part on the bent index finger of the left hand, support it vertically. If there is metal in the ground, the long part of the bent bar will turn, changing its position.
The method used is based on the rod's perception of weak electromagnetic fields that surround metal elements. However, such a frame can be rotated in the presence of voids in the ground, a metal working pipeline and a live cable. The latter option may present a certain danger during excavation or trial drilling. Using a bent bar, it must be remembered that the snow cover on the surface of the earth partially shields the electromagnetic radiation.
Another indicator for studying the soil can be made in the form of a ball of cardboard or plastic with a diameter of 200 mm and glued with metal foil. Such a sphere is suspended on threads 800-1000 mm long. As a result, it turns out that a metal ball made of foil is used for the search, which makes it possible to provide the pendulum with the ability to pick up electromagnetic radiation.
The required length of the thread is determined experimentally. To do this, place the ball over a massive metal object and, gradually increasing the size of the thread, wait until the ball begins to rotate. The main disadvantage of such a homemade device is the possibility of its use only in calm weather.
Chucking and baying with a metal pin
Effective search results can be obtained by successively removing soil to a depth of 200-300 mm. Two methods of digging pits are used: longitudinal or circular. In the first case, search engines dig 2-3 longitudinal trenches and carefully consider everything found and determine the feasibility of a further search based on the results. With a circular method, they dig a trench of concentric outlines.
To speed up work and reduce the amount of developed soil, you can use a thin metal rod. They pierce the soil and, if a solid object is found, they dig it out. With a sufficiently large number of items found, they move on to soil development. Increased strength of the rod can provide a hexagonal shape or strong steel metal reinforcement.
How to search for scrap without a metal detector: places and methods of search
Scrap metal delivery is a profitable business option: brass radiators are accepted at a price of about 230 rubles / kg, and for a heavy cast-iron battery or bath, you can earn up to 500 rubles. In order to search for scrap metal brings constant income, you need to constantly search and rent it in large quantities (preferably in bulk, since the price per 1 kg is increasing).
You can search for scrap metal in garbage containers, city bins, at natural urban dumps, where residents take out unnecessary refrigerators, batteries, pipes, radiators. But the effectiveness of such searches is not always high: there are many who want to earn extra money, while garbage is regularly collected.
You have to get up early and do not the most pleasant thing - to check the contents of garbage cans. With an average price of aluminum cans of about 60 rubles / kg, for a decent daily income, you need to collect 10 - 15 kg of waste. To do this, there is no need to examine any garbage collection container.
Where is it better to look for scrap
Where to look for scrap of ferrous and non-ferrous metals in such quantity? The best places to gather are:
- abandoned production workshops in which equipment unsuitable for operation, parts from it, all kinds of pipes and rail tracks remained
- city dumps, where they find aluminum cans, old household appliances, radiators, broken plumbing,
- unused repair bases on which elements of bodies, auto parts, abandoned equipment are found,
- former state farms and agricultural land.
Good results are provided by a search in the ground, because under a layer of soil you can find harrows, parts of agricultural machinery, garden tools, etc. But it is important to know where they are. Чтобы облегчить себе задачу, искатели лома покупают старые карты с указанием расположения колхозов, заводов, складов и т.д. В Интернете также доступны интерактивные карты несанкционированных свалок.
Но площадь посевных полей достигает 150 Га, а среднестатистической советской автобазы – от 3 тыс. кв. км. Therefore, you cannot act at random, and additional tools are needed for accurate search.
Usually, a metal detector is used for this purpose - an electrical device for detecting metal products in a neutral or weakly conducting medium. Depending on the model, a search is possible at a depth of 20 cm to 3 m. But the cost of highly sensitive equipment is substantial - from 30,000 rubles.
, and such an initial investment is not affordable for most beginner seekers.
But you can find scrap metal in the ground without expensive devices. Alternatively use powerful magnetsthat can be used even in water, as well as metal rods, probes, foil etc. Other tools will cost a maximum of 100 rubles, although they can be found for free in your own garage, closet or in the trash can near the house.
How to use magnets
Search magnets are great for ferrous scrap collectors. A strong rope will help to make a reliable metal detector out of a large round magnet.
The method of collecting scrap is extremely simple: a single or double-sided magnet is firmly tied to a long rope, thrown to the bottom of a river or lake, and then slowly floats in a boat in a pond until a simple device collects metal debris from the bottom.
To search for ferment in water, you need to make a minimum of effort: it is difficult only to pull out a weighty "catch" and drag it on board. It is better to look for scrap in ponds near abandoned villages, in old blocks, ponds near idle plants.
At the bottom of rivers and ponds - a huge amount of metal debris: hooks and baubles lost by fishermen, spare parts, old horseshoes, buckets, etc. If you're lucky, you can find a sunken boat.
The key to success in this matter is the right choice of place and search magnet.
A specialized search magnet is another device that can make scrap extraction simple and efficient. The principle of operation is based on the ability of some non-ferrous metals magnetize. It is especially popular to search for scrap with a search magnet in:
Popular inexpensive models suitable for collecting non-ferrous scrap metal.
- Search unilateral F-120 magnet is small in size, its diameter is 7 cm, height 1.4 cm. Carrying capacity - 120 kg. An excellent indicator at a low cost - 1000-1100 rubles. The case is durable, there is corrosion protection.
- Double sided The search magnet F-120 * 2 has small dimensions, a height of 2.8 cm and a length of 6.7 cm. But despite this size, the carrying capacity is surprising - 120 kg. The demagnetization rate is very low - less than 1% in 10 years, so the device will last a long time. Given the low price (2000 rubles), such a device will quickly pay off.
- One-sided search magnet F-600 at a price much more expensive (4000 rubles), but the maximum carrying capacity of this device is 600 kg. The model itself is compact, diameter 14 cm, and height 2.5 cm, weight about 3200 kg. This magnet is ideal for searching from a bridge and boat, has a convenient mount and a sturdy, rust-resistant hull.
How is search for scrap with a magnet:
- First, a place to search is selected,
- a strong rope is tied to a fastener in the form of a loop or hook, securely fixing it,
- they lower the magnet’s body into water and simply carry it to the side - the magnet collects all the scrap,
- after that, the magnet is removed and scrap is separated.
Which magnet to choose
The best choice for finding scrap in water is neodymium magnets. They are made of an alloy of the rare earth metal neodymium with iron and boron. The magnetic induction power of products on sale, on average, is 2,000 - 5,000 Gauss, but can reach 10 - 12,000 Gauss. Various and holding power - from 80 to 800 kg. These characteristics directly affect the price.
Neodymium magnets are demagnetized at a speed of not more than 0.1% for 10 years. Their purchase is a good investment in the scrap collection business. You just need to choose a convenient and safe to use: pay attention to models with a fastening for an eye bolt.
One-sided magnets are equipped with fasteners on top and are suitable for steep search, including from the bridge. For bilateral options, an additional ring is located on the side: 2 work surfaces increase the chance of hooking metal products.
And to increase the capture area using magnetic trawls.
How to use bars
Beginner seekers are interested in the question: how to find scrap metal without a metal detector? You can use improvised tools for this, including a fine metal wire with a diameter of about 2 - 4 mm and a length of about 20 - 25 cm. Take two rods and bend them at an angle of 900 so that one part is 1.5 times longer than the other. During search operations, place short sections in the palm of your hand, and carefully monitor the movement of the second.
In a similar way, hundreds of years ago, dowsers were looking for minerals in the land, calling the movement of the rods a biolocation effect. In fact, the wire perceives weak electromagnetic fields, outgoing metal objects.
But the method cannot be called exact: the rods begin to move near the places of laying the existing electrical wiring and the pipeline, as well as in the presence of voids in the ground.
The method is not suitable for winter search, because snow reflects up to 85% of radiation of different types.
The use of metal probes
Metal pins with a length of approximately 2 m are often used to search for and digging chermet.
If indirect signs of the presence of metal are found (small hills on flat areas, as well as abandoned buildings and concrete foundations), the probes are used to increase the accuracy of the action.
They are used to pierce the ground, and if the pin comes across a solid object, they begin to develop the ground.
Choose rods of moderate stiffness (hexagon or steel reinforcement), high strength and small thickness (about 0.5 - 1 cm).
Prospecting with the use of a probe is recommended to be carried out from April to May and in the middle of autumn, when the soil is softened by rains and quite soft.
Frozen or too dry soil cannot be pierced, or a lot of time and effort will have to be spent. The easiest way is to look for scrap with a dipstick in a swampy area.
Other scrap tools
A metal detector is not the only type of equipment that is used to search for scrap. There are types of equipment that cannot be replaced by improvised means:
- reciprocating saws for cutting pipes,
- scissors for metal cutting of sheet materials and thin wire cutting,
- a gas cutter or grinder with a power of at least 2 kW for cutting overall types of scrap.
The listed cutting tools will help to cut large elements for easy transportation and compact storage. They are especially necessary if you are transporting finds in the trunk of a car.
Before contacting the collection point, carefully prepare the scrap: clean the wires from the winding with a stripper or side cutter, clean the surfaces and remove dirt with a grinder.
So you will improve the appearance of the delivered products and reduce the percentage of blockage, which is often determined by eye and the presence of which significantly reduces the price of scrap metal.
Scrap metal mining activities
- Basic parameters for starting work
- Safety precautions
Classes in collecting various categories of scrap metal not only help clean up nature from accumulation of garbage, but can also turn into a good source of income. Moreover, for the results of the scrap metal scrap, recycling centers offer quite decent money.
Basic parameters for starting work
As practice shows, a cop of ferrous metal for sale is much more profitable than the search and delivery of metal that is classified as a hobby or historical hobby, for example, the search for coins, antique utensils and household items. This type of amateur activity, if approached with greater care, can become professional.
Search for locations of likely scrap metal
Many times and in different sources it was told that at the collection of ferrous metals only for the summer period you can save up for a car. As if in half a day, diggers manage to collect scrap metal for 2-3 thousand rubles or more. And the sources of scrap can be:
- metal trash accumulated in a house or in a summer cottage,
- once collective and state farm fields, where they still collect a lot of scrap metal left after the repair of agricultural machinery,
- outskirts of settlements where private owners and unscrupulous enterprises transport large items,
- landfill sites (although production here is immediately distributed among the local inhabitants engaged in such businesses),
- repair shops and car depots, where not only individual parts of used spare parts are located, but also abandoned heavy equipment,
- ceased to exist enterprises, factories and factories - these territories are a real storehouse when looking for scrap metal,
- abandoned shooting ranges, where iron targets, shells appear in the form of prey,
- beaches, moorings, boat stations - in such places you can find chains, castles, ship parts, and even whole anchors.
Necessary tools for work
When searching for scrap metal, you need to have a basic understanding of the main differences between different metals, because the prices of stainless steel, iron and steel are different. The effectiveness of such a lesson also depends on the desire, physical and technical capabilities of the digger.
To tackle a scrap of metal, you need to prepare:
- a shovel
- metal detector
- metal scissors, circular saws, grinder,
- backpack, trolley,
- motor transport (possibly with a trailer).
A metal detector search has been successfully applied to locate scrap metal underground. Metal detectors are the simplest or include many functions, showing not only the depth, but also the type of metal. Budget metal detectors can be purchased for a price of 5 thousand rubles. These costs will pay off quickly.
There are metal detectors for 50 thousand, they have a larger search radius and they distinguish ferrous from non-ferrous. If the digger is interested in these characteristics, then you can buy such an expensive device. But even the best metal detector will be useless if it is incorrectly configured. About 3 kHz is set as the optimal frequency for a normal search.
A search magnet is a good addition to a metal detector. They are very convenient for work in the aquatic environment, where any metal detectors are useless. A weighty magnet is located on an ordinary rope, which can be thrown into the water from the shore, bridge or move with it on a boat. A magnet that has fallen in depth collects all large and small metal objects from the bottom.
A search magnet can pay off in 1 day of searches and literally make a seeker rich
Magnets are separated by weight and power of the held load. The weight of the search magnets starts at 1 kg. And they are capable of holding metal debris from 80 kg.
More powerful magnets can collect cargo up to 500 kg, but in this case it will not be possible to independently raise the “catch”, and additional technical means will be required. The price range for different magnets ranges from 1 thousand to 6 thousand.
rubles (for example, the price of a search magnet per 400 kg is only 3 thousand rubles).
It is best to purchase a neodymium magnet, since it is practically eternal and does not demagnetize (after 10 years of continuous operation, it can lose only 1% of its original power). Its only drawback is that you need to be careful in hot weather. A magnet, when heated, loses its search properties.
Transport need for scrap collection
With a purposeful trip for long metal, you can take care of the trailer (whose load capacity is 750 kg, unless it is an onboard UAZ with a capacity of 1 ton). But for mining deep into the fields or landfills, it is better to grab a backpack or trolley, since the car will have to be left on the sidelines.
You can order a service for the export of scrap metal, if you do not have your own transport
Leaving the dug up metal to a convenient case is not the best option.
The very next day, a neatly folded heap may not be in place.
The search for scrap metal is a profitable "bread" for many diggers, and even more so for those who travel with regular intervals to the same places where such raw materials are supposed to be available.
If you don’t have your own transport, you need to know that many scrap collection points practice services for the independent removal of unnecessary metal in your car. In this case, one must be prepared for the fact that the price of the delivered raw materials will be less favorable.
Elementary rules of conduct
Going in search of scrap, you need to prepare not only a metal detector, but also special equipment, because it is easy to get injured with nails, fittings, sharp pieces of metal. When working, use thick-soled shoes and work gloves. And using cutting tools, it is necessary to use gloves and goggles.
Behavior when collecting scrap metal:
Ammunition Detection Guidelines
- it is better to collect scrap slowly and carefully, because the danger of injury is unsanitary conditions, the presence of earth and rust on the parts,
- it would be nice to bring along a first-aid kit equipped with first-aid equipment (a patch and peroxide for disinfection of cuts),
- the cop must be kept in order, it’s customary to dig holes in it,
- you can’t throw chermet on paths or roadsides where people can stumble or get damaged cars,
- heavy parts - do not turn over (do not drag, do not move from side to side), it is better to provide an additional loading device,
- the machine into which the loading will be made must be put on the “handbrake”,
- it is impossible to disassemble clogged metal containers of unfamiliar purpose, there is a danger that there is combustible gas inside (possibly it is under pressure).
Other Useful Scrap Finding Tips
There are some more rules that you should adhere to when going to work to search for metal products. With the right and competent approach to any business, the chances of a successful result increase. For example, the following facts are known:
- it’s best to collect scrap metal on weekends when residents are more likely to get rid of large debris,
- You can make scrap search even more effective through self-promotion, for which you need to stick up scrap metal collection announcements,
- scrap is not collected alone, excavation and loading require some effort, so the presence of a partner is welcome,
- during the cop, the metal detector can detect unusual things, scientists or collectors may be interested in them, and this can bring a much greater income.
So, if the digger has purchased a metal detector and is ready for the process, then it is worth starting the search work, observing several steps:
- Identify your upcoming search location.
- Initially, evaluate the site visually (large objects are easily visible with the naked eye).
- Proceed with a sequential study of the field and site with a metal detector, passing sections slowly - meter by meter.
Search for scrap metal with a metal detector: features and recommendations
Finding scrap is a good way to make money. How to find "iron"? How to get it, because often metal does not roll on the surface, but is hidden in the thickness of the earth? How to choose a metal detector and configure it for an optimal search? All these and other questions will be answered by this article.
It is from this that the path of any collector of recycled metal should begin. Which metal detector is better for searching for scrap? In fact, almost anything - the brand and price does not play a special role.
Find the metal underground even under the power of the simplest and cheapest device. Moreover, choosing an expensive professional metal detector, you significantly increase its payback period.
Is it worth it?
An inexpensive model for 5000-6000 rubles will pay off in the near future: for this you only need to hand over about a ton of metal. But if you bought an expensive metal detector for 40-50 thousand, then consider for yourself how much effort and time you need to spend to “recapture” this money.
Someone argues that professional metal detectors are better and more expensive for a reason. Of course, they have a larger search radius, they search deeper, and they distinguish ferrous and non-ferrous metals very well.
The question here is whether these characteristics are important to you. After all, if the secondary metal is collected for change, then its type does not matter. Depth also does not play a special role.
Ferrous metal is found in large sizes, and as a rule, even the weakest metal detector “senses” it.
Where to look for scrap?
When you have decided on the equipment, it's time to think about where to search for scrap metal. Perspective areas are fields, and it does not matter if they are currently being processed or not.
After all, there can be many broken spare parts from equipment that used to be left right on the field. Pay particular attention to the edges.
Working with a metal detector in this way, from one field you can gain up to 200 kg in just a couple of hours of work.
It is worth a glimpse into agricultural buildings: sheds, farms, hayfields and others. Не обходите стороной промышленные здания, такие как ремонтные мастерские, заброшенные ангары и цеха, кузницы и автосервисы. Много цветного металла можно найти на свалках с промышленными отходами, но и конкуренция на них серьезная. Если повезет, можно найти стреляные гильзы на заброшенном полигоне.
А вот куда направляться не стоит, так это в места потенциального отдыха людей. There are often many cans and beer cans, as well as other garbage. So the metal detector signals will be simply useless.
How to work with a metal detector
Finding scrap metal with a metal detector is a very simple process. You come to the site, take out the equipment from the cover and start methodically combing it, trying not to miss the slightest shred.
Remember that metal can lie deep below the surface of the earth, especially black, because things from it are quite massive. Therefore, you have to dig a lot.
Do not forget to grab a shovel, and be sure to throw pits behind you with earth.
Metal detector settings
Even the best metal detector to search for scrap metal will be useless if you do not know how to handle it or have incorrectly set the settings for work. The optimal frequency will be 3 kHz.
Inexpensive metal detectors have a working coil frequency of 6.5 kHz, which is also suitable for searches.
And high-frequency metal detectors with parameters of 10 kHz and higher are undesirable for collecting metal: due to the accuracy in the search for small objects, they suffer from depth.
Before work, do not forget to set the “All Metals” mode, otherwise your device will not respond to all types of secondary metal.
Magnet scrap search
A search magnet is a good addition to a metal detector. It is useful when working in areas with ponds, as well as where you can not work with a shovel. The magnet is an alloy of iron with boron and neodymium, enclosed in a durable steel case.
Magnets differ in power, alloy composition, degree of magnetization, and other characteristics. There are single and double-sided magnets, which directly affects the usability and the distance from which you can search.
In addition, the weight of the magnet also varies.
A neodymium magnet is practically eternal and does not demagnetize. For 10 years of continuous operation, it can lose only 1% of its original capacity. However, you need to be careful not to heat the magnet - otherwise it will lose most of the search properties.
When used intensively in rivers, swamps and wells, the galvanizing layer on the magnet can be scratched, and it will gradually begin to rust. To prevent this, be sure to clean and dry the magnet after each use.
The search for scrap metal is, of course, fascinating, but still difficult and unsafe. Observe safety precautions both when searching and when loading found metal objects. Do not load large heavy elements by the tilting method, and be sure to put the car on handbrake when loading.
When cutting metal, do not forget about gloves and goggles. If you find closed metal containers of unfamiliar purpose, do not disassemble them - there may be combustible gas inside. It is not worth risking your health and even life, it is better to hand over suspicious objects like ferrous metal without disassembling.
Going to construction and industrial landfills, choose shoes with durable thick soles. In such places, there are nails and other sharp objects that can be easily injured.
Recommendations and Tips
You can make search for scrap more effective through self-promotion. In crowded places, post scrap metal announcements. Often people want to get rid of accumulated trash, so you can get metal without difficulty.
After fires, you can offer to help disassemble the ashes in order to find and pass charred objects containing metal. By the way, after burning transformers or motors at the stake, you can get copper.
It is best to collect scrap metal on the weekend, when people are more willing and more likely to get rid of large garbage. Remember the legendary “Subbotniks” - on this very day luck will definitely be on your side!
Search for metals without using a metal detector
Factory-made devices designed to search for metal objects underground are quite expensive and inaccessible to most search engines.
However, there are several ways to search for metals without the use of expensive equipment, and which can provide good final results. The scrap of VK TK, and in particular the scrap of the R6M5 quick cutter, is expensive.
But first, let's figure out where and how to find any scrap metal.
When collecting non-ferrous scrap, cutting tools will not hinder. There are situations when the scrap found has impressive dimensions, which makes loading and transportation difficult. Therefore availability grinders will help out. In addition to it, you can use for cutting scrap metal cutting scissors. Their price is low - from 300 to 700 rubles, so everyone can afford such an acquisition.
Some use non-ferrous scrap for cutting circular sawsbut their disadvantage is high cost and bulky sizes.
Reciprocating Saws perfectly cope with hollow structures (pipes). Another option is a conventional hacksaw, manual or mechanical. But this method requires physical effort and takes a lot of time.
Another device that is expensive, but useful when coping colormet is an analyzer, or spectrometer. You can use it to accurately determine what metals is made part or metal object. Another important function of such devices is the ability to alloy quantification.
Using the analyzer will be useful when the capacity of the vehicle for loading scrap is limited. We have to choose the most expensive metals (copper, brass) from all the scrap metal mined. Cheaper (stainless steel, aluminum, lead) can be left.
The only minus of analyzers is high priceTherefore, not everyone can afford such an acquisition. Even used appliances are sold at a price of 600-800 thousand rubles. New models, depending on the type and functionality, can be purchased from 1 million rubles. and higher.
When scraping a scrap, a simple loading device may come in handy - truck.
A small trolley will fit even in the trunk of a passenger car and will help transport colored scrap from the place of the cop to the place of loading and transportation.
Indeed, often the sources of scrap are far from each other, and a truck or a gazelle cannot drive everywhere.
It’s easier to collect 20-30 kg of scrap in a cart and load it into a trailer, rather than walking 2-3 kg countless times. To make it easier to unload scrap in a trailer, you can do stage for easy raising of the cart.
If a person is engaged in the collection of non-ferrous scrap on a large scale, and the daily production exceeds 100-300 kg, the question arises of the need for transport for loading and transporting scrap. Cars are not the best option; the trunk holds little. And often metal recyclables are located in places where it is difficult to travel by car.
- Using trailer. The trailer is suitable for passenger cars. The trailer can be bought (new or used), some do it yourself. Capacity - 750 kg.
- UAZ 3303 - a truck with increased cross-country ability, capacity - a whole ton. This car can be bought by hand, for the loading and transportation of scrap UAZ is one of the best options.
- Cargo gazelle GAZ 3302 has an even larger capacity, 1.5 tons. Passes on any road and off-road. Great for those who collect scrap on a large scale.
Non-ferrous scrap cop in detail
For the cop of colormet, you must carefully prepare. This activity is not easy, you need good physical strength and endurance. Better if cop exercise a company of several people - Help may always be needed.
Immediately before collecting the scrap, you need to prepare the equipment:
- verify charge level (or take an extra set of batteries) and configure the metal detector,
- not forget related equipment: magnets, analyzer (if any), shovels, cutting tools, trolley.
Safety precautions should not be ignored, injuries (bruises, cuts) are possible when collecting scrap, therefore it is necessary to take a complete first aid kit and clean water (2-3 l).
Clothing should be appropriate. The cop is always connected with the earth, garbage, dust, so you need to protect yourself. Better to choose canvas suit with long sleeves and pockets. Headdress also desirable, a cap (in summer) or a hat is suitable. Shoes should cover the entire foot, have a high rise and a thick sole.
When collecting scrap, in no case can one seek easy prey - cut wires, take appliances and household utensils from cottages, existing factories and protected objects. The consequences can be sad - in the form of criminal punishment and dangerous injuries.
Algorithm cop of non-ferrous scrap:
- after detection the source of the scrap is excavated,
- collected scrap ship, and the place must be buried,
- further scrap transported to a warehouse or garage, cleaned of debris and dirt,
- equally important to produce sorting scrap by type of metal using an analyzer or external signs,
- surrender scrap metal and revenue.
Preparation of scrap for delivery
Before delivery to the scrap metal collection points, it is necessary to prepare and sort the collected non-ferrous scrap.
If this is not done, the price of collected recyclables in any delivery point will decrease due to the presence of pollution, litter and basic ignorance of the price difference for different types of non-ferrous metal.
For prepared and sorted scrap, you can earn more money.
Scrap preparation process:
- sorting, during which scrap is separated depending on the material (zinc, copper, aluminum), it is convenient to lay the scrap in containers,
- pollution cleaning is needed, the price at the collection points depends on this - the higher the percentage of garbage, the less revenue a person will receive,
- parsing scrap, dismantling - scrap metal is cut into parts for convenience during export, a cutter or grinder is suitable for cutting,
- cleaning of non-metallic elements - many products and appliances made of non-ferrous metals have wooden, glass, plastic parts, they must be removed before delivery, this indicator affects the cost of scrap,
- insulation cleaning may be necessary for copper, aluminum wires; stripping is often done by firing. But it is better to find out in advance from the receivers whether it is worth cleaning. It may turn out that the price will be lower.
After scrap preparation, there are a couple of options:
- turn in accumulated batch
- keep collecting to a more impressive volume.
Which option is preferable - everyone chooses independently. If the room where the scrap is stored is small, it is better to turn it in as it arrives.
The collection of non-ferrous scrap is gaining popularity, because metal recyclables have been valued at all times. According to people who have been collecting for several years, such an activity addictive and captivating, and a non-ferrous metal cop becomes an original hobby for many.
So that the benefit from the cop and the delivery of non-ferrous scrap was maximum, you need the appropriate equipment (metal detector, magnet) and knowledge of the properties of color, plus the desire and desire to earn.
Learn more about how to search for non-ferrous metal in this video: