Venus flytrap (dionaea muscipula) is a carnivorous herbaceous plant of the family sundew. It feeds mainly on small insects and mollusks. It grows on moist peat bogs of the Atlantic coast (in Florida, North and South Carolina, New Jersey). Widely distributed throughout the world as an ornamental plant. But how to grow a Venus flytrap from seeds, is it possible to do this at home?
Venus flytrap - a flower that represents fertility and prosperity. It symbolizes love and sympathy, and can also symbolize the feminine principle.
On a short underground stem of the plant there are no more than 7 leaves collected in a rosette, 3-7 cm in size. It prefers to grow in swamps with a low nitrogen content in the soil. This deficiency is compensated by eating nitrogen-containing insects - leaf traps are designed for this.
They appear after flowering, on short stems not exceeding 15 cm in length. Traps are green with a reddish tint. A peculiar trap is formed of two sheets, with hairs placed on the edges for better adhesion to each other when triggered.
The glands of the trap produce a special sap that lures insects. To enjoy it, the victim sits on the inner petals and collects nectar. In this case, special hairs on the trap are irritated, and it instantly closes. After complete closure of the blades, a semblance of the stomach is formed, in which the extracted food is digested. After a week of over-etching, the trap opens, the cycle repeats several more times until it dies.
How to grow a Venus flytrap from seeds
In spring or early summer, the venereal flytrap blooms. On long peduncles appear small graceful white flowers. This process takes a lot of the power of the flytrap. Therefore, buds should be left only if you need seeds.
Venus flytrap is not able to pollinate at home, it will need to be done manually:
- after opening the buds, you need to take a thin brush,
- with its help, collect pollen from one flower,
- with gentle movements to transfer to the pestle of another, trying not to damage him,
- continue to do cross-pollination with each flower.
After the ovary appears, the seeds will ripen in about a month. They need to be planted no later than 3-4 months after pollination. Growing from seeds is a rather laborious process.
Stratification process and soil preparation
This method is carried out before sowing to increase the chances of seeds to germinate. Wrapped in a cloth moistened with fungicide or potassium permanganate seeds, put in the refrigerator. Regularly you need to ensure that the seeds do not dry out, moisturizing them. The whole process lasts no more than 8 weeks.
How to Plant Venus Flytrap Seeds
As soon as the soil is prepared, you need to perform the following actions:
- Sow seeds in small pots or seedling boxes, sprinkle lightly with moss, without burying them.
- Cover containers with glass or plastic wrap.
- Maintain a constant temperature around 24-28 ° C.
- Take care of the presence of good bright lighting, at least 15 hours a day.
- Regularly monitor the moisture of the soil, it must not be allowed to dry out.
If all the rules are followed, each bone should germinate in two to three weeks, some longer.
After the first shoots, as soon as a couple of leaves appear on the sprouts, they must be hardened. To do this, for a short time, the seedlings must be ventilated by opening the glass. After hardening, each small dione is supposed to be transplanted into an individual container. The transplant must be carried out very carefully, not forgetting about the exceptional fragility of small roots. As an adult, the plant will grow only after five years.
Cutting the flytrap
Cultivation of a flytrap by cuttings is best done in the spring. To do this, you must:
- Cut a few leaves from the outlet. To improve the rooting of cuttings, you can use a biostimulator of growth.
- Before planting, you need to prepare a substrate consisting of quartz sand and peat.
- Pour the prepared soil in a small layer in a container, and plant the cuttings.
- Cover the plants with a jar or plastic bottle, and put in a lighted place.
- The disadvantage of this method is the great possibility of rotting and infection with fungi. To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to ventilate the pots, removing cover.
- After three months, the sprouts will take root - the root system will strengthen. Then they can be transplanted into separate containers using soil for adults.
Division of the bush for planting
A very simple way to breed a flycatcher. When transplanted, it is removed from the pot, removed from the ground. Accurate movements, using a knife, separate the fused sockets. Then, the flowers received are planted in separate containers and are routine care at home.
How to care for a venus flytrap at home
Despite the great difficulty of growing dionea, it is much easier to take care of it than other exotic plants:
- indoor flower dionea, can be planted in the garden or put on the windowsill, preferably on the eastern or western windows,
- every day you need sunlight at least 6 hours in the morning or in the evening,
- when growing a flytrap in a florarium, an artificial light source is needed. It is located at a height of 25 cm from the flower with daily lighting for 15 hours,
- it is necessary to monitor the humidity of the air, its lack affects the plant badly,
- Dionea needs fresh air without drafts. In the summertime, the flycatcher can be taken out to the balcony or the street, hiding from direct sunlight on hot days,
- for normal flower health, the temperature in summer should not go beyond 18-28 ° C. In winter, this indicator decreases significantly, and can become 8 ° C.
Features of watering a flytrap
You must ensure that the soil always remains moist, drying out the soil is detrimental to your plant. Also, water should not flow through the top, which will impede the flow of oxygen to the roots. Water is poured into pallets so that the drainage holes are immersed in it. If necessary, the plant itself will make up for the lack of moisture.
Most suitable is distilled or rainwater. Small plants in the growth stage, it is necessary to moisten 3 times a week.
We grow from seeds
How to grow a venus flytrap from seeds? Flytrap seeds can be obtained from an adult plant or purchase them in retail chains. At home, seeds can only be obtained by artificial insemination.
To do this, in the spring, during the appearance of flowers, pollen is transferred with a brush from one flower to another. The procedure is carried out a couple of days after the bud is fully opened.
A month later, ovaries appear on the flowers. The flower forms a box in which they mature 20-30 seeds. They should be shiny, smooth, black. Harvested seeds are stored in a refrigerator in a paper bag. Sowing seeds is carried out four to five months after their collection.
Seeds grown independently or purchased must be stratified before planting. Process lasts 6-8 months.
Seeds are placed in tissue, moistened with fungicide, placed in a plastic container and placed in the refrigerator. The container opens during this time and the seeds are moistened.
At the end of the stratification process, a mixture of peat and sand or sphagnum moss is sown. The soil is slightly compacted and seed is distributed on the surface. From above everything is sprinkled with a small amount of peat and moistened from a spray bottle.
About a month later the first cotyledon leaves will appear. After the appearance of these leaves, the sprouts are planted in separate small pots. A full-fledged plant of such sprouts develops in 4-5 years.
In the photo you can see how to grow a venus flytrap from seeds:
The video shows an experiment: planting, the first shoots that can grow. Choose your seeds carefully.
How to plant seeds
How did they sprout
What grew as a result
From the process
Division of an adult plant - The most acceptable way to grow a flytrap. The shoots are separated from the bush and planted in separate pots of small diameter, but at the same time of sufficient height for the development of long roots.
This plant needs soil as light as possible and poor enough. Combine ground sphagnum moss, peat and sand. Drainage at the bottom of the flytrap pot is not needed.
In addition to division, a young plant can be obtained from cuttings. The workpiece is taken without a horse trap and is planted at an angle with the white part in peat.
Before placement in the soil, the workpiece is treated with a root stimulant. From above, you need to cover the landing with a glass cap to preserve one hundred percent humidity.
From the onion
Onion flycatcher, separated from the bush during transplantation, is placed in a mixture of peat and sand. The onion selected for planting should have at least two rootsotherwise there will be no growth.
When placed in a pot, it is important not to fall asleep the growth point of the flower. Germination is carried out in greenhouse conditions in a sunny place.
No matter how you grow the flycatcher, when the first traps appear need to start feeding. To do this, once every 10-15 days, catch a fly, prick it with a needle and place it inside the sheet.
The growth of the flycatcher with this feed will accelerate, and you will quickly get a full-fledged plant. Find out more about the better and safer to feed the plant here.
Observing all the rules of reproduction, you can get new copies of this exotic plant in a home collection of flowers.
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Fertilizing and feeding dionea
The use of any top dressing is prohibited. Dionea is a predator, therefore it receives all the necessary fertilizers through food - insects. You also need to know a few simple rules:
- it is only necessary to feed a flytrap once a month. For the entire growing season, 2-3 insects (flies, mosquitoes, spiders) are enough for her,
- the insect should no longer be a trap,
- you can’t feed the flytrap with worms and insects that have a hard shell, as well as leaf-eating insects that can damage the dionea,
- it is forbidden as fertilizer to feed meat, general consumption products with a venus flytrap,
In the autumn and winter, feeding ceases.
Winter Venus Flytrap Care
Like other plants, in the cold periods of the year, a venus flytrap needs peace. To do this, when the onset of cold weather is necessary to stop watering. Reduce lighting gradually and reduce temperature to 5 ° C. The entire rest period (3 months), the flycatcher can be stored in the refrigerator. All the time you need to monitor the condition of the soil, avoiding drying out, and not moisturizing much, otherwise the flower may wither. In the spring, taking the dione out of the refrigerator and gradually raising the temperature, you can continue to care for her.
Venus flytrap transplant
Spring is the best time to transplant Dionea. You can repeat it after 1-2 years. When transplanting, you need to adhere to some rules:
- because of the long roots, the capacity for the flower needs to be taken deep, but not too wide,
- When replanting a flytrap, be extremely careful not to damage the fragile roots,
- after removing the dionea from the pot, remove the adhering earth by watering the roots with water,
- as previously written, the soil for planting a flower is prepared by mixing two parts of perlite, two parts of peat, and one part of quartz sand.
Having transplanted a dionea, it will take her a month to take root. During this period, watering must be increased, and the flytrap should not be exposed to the bright sun.
Dionea is a venus flytrap, although very rare, but still prone to attack by harmful insects. Most often, it is an aphid that settles on a plant, especially traps. As a result, they are deformed and perish. To combat aphids, use special aerosols.
Also, in addition to aphids, the flycatcher can be affected by spider mites. This can happen if the humidity is low. A solution of acaricide is able to get rid of these uninvited guests.
Venus Flytrap Disease
All diseases of the flycatcher appear due to improper conditions of detention:
- with constant waterlogging of the air, black spots may appear on the flower. This may mean mold infection. Fungicides effectively cope with this problem.
- after the appearance of the gray gun, you need to urgently get rid of the infected parts and treat the flycatcher with a fungicide,
- it happens that the insect cannot be digested by the flytrap, and the decay of the trap begins - the most dangerous disease. If you do not remove the affected area, the disease will go to the entire dione.
It is interesting - Rosyanka
Venus flytrap in nature grows only in North America. But in temperate latitudes, another insectivorous representative of this family grows.
Dewdrop is a predator, the most common carnivorous plant. Like dionea, it feeds on small insects. It grows on all continents except Antarctica: in the mountains, on sandstones, peat bogs in Europe, North and South America, Asia. Most of all grows in Australia.
The root system is poorly developed, and is needed so that the sundew can hold onto the ground. Any kind of soil was chosen by these silent killers. Instead of two predatory petals, the sundew has a leaf with large villi that secrete a sticky paralyzing substance. After the victim falls into the trap, the sundew quickly folds the leaf, enveloping the insect. After several days of digestion, the sheet opens again.