Useful Tips

How to treat a tick in chickens?


Some poultry farmers despair of getting rid of ticks in houses: “Nothing takes a chicken tick. Especially violent in the summer, hiding in the fall. For many years now we have been fighting mercilessly against this parasite, but nothing helps. ” At some poultry farms this problem has been brilliantly solved with the assistance of foreign experts.

The chicken coops of many amateur poultry farmers are made of various materials from clay to cinder blocks and refractory bricks. They are coated on the inside, whitewashed with a mortar of lime - good buildings, but there is one small detail - in the smallest crevices and recesses, a tick finds refuge. It’s slightly warmer in the yard, the tick begins its “work”. First it sticks into the legs of chickens, then crawls onto their body. Instead of relaxing on the weekend, you have to fiddle with the bird - breed chlorophos (2 tablespoons of powder in a bucket of water) and bathe the chickens. And so over the summer 5-6 times. In addition, other means were used that, like, should kill the tick: they burned rubber and sulfur in the chicken coop, burned smoke bombs, poured the walls with creolin, and God knows what other “wild” ways it was not necessary to poison the tick.

We tried the funds separately and interfered all together - for a week it was enough, and then the tick revived again. Once, one of the poultry farmers experimented - put a tick in a jar and kept it for 7 months without food, without water. The parasite is dry, thinner than tissue paper. Then he planted it with a chicken, and an hour later the tick drank blood and is alive - at least that. Contact your local veterinarians for help. They advise the chicken coop to burn and make a new one. But as? After all, around the structure. True, there is one strong remedy for ticks. He dies from the fire of a blowtorch. As you walk in flames through the cracks, only the crack is worth it.

What to do with a tick? A more or less salutary method is bathing chickens in a solution of chlorophos. They write that the lubrication of the wooden parts of the house with tar, which is harmless to birds, helps. We must take it as a rule at least once a year, in the spring, to clean the entire room, and also to whitewash the walls. It is useful to do preventive treatment in the fall, before wintering. The more strictly cleanliness is maintained, the less often parasite mites settle, the healthier the chickens are. At the time of processing, the bird is removed from the barn.

Well, if you are completely desperate in the fight against ticks and decide to burn the chicken coop infested with them, when building a new chicken coop, set yourself the task - not to give the tick a place for resettlement. Wooden walls should be carefully planed, then well-bleached. Moreover, it’s nice to add carbolic acid to the lime (it will not kill, it will scare it off from the settlement). Brick walls are smoothly plastered with cement or lime, whitened and trimmed with all irregularities, depressions, corners that are comfortable for the tick.

Also take the advice of an epidemiologist and parasitologist: “I suggest that before building walls, grease boards, nailed overlapping (the part that will be from the inside), solid. If upholstered with plywood or pressed paper - the same thing. Heat the solid oil to a boil in a bucket and brush, without pressing, coat them with boards. This is what I did when I covered the ceiling of the boards in my farm in the chicken coop. A thin layer was applied to each hot solid oil, then laid only on the boards, sawdust, and ash on it. Solidol took 2 kg. Accident forced to draw attention to him. Breaking down the old house, he must have discovered billions of these parasites in it. And six of my boards were smeared with solid oil and there were no ticks on them. When rebuilding the premises, I took this matter into account and here is the result: the tick does not appear for two years. ”

But some amateur poultry farmers got rid of ticks in the chicken coop using a quartz lamp. When developing a universal method, they decided to find out the causes of the effect of solid oil and a quartz lamp on the tick. Here, the experience of Western experts who conducted research and found out that the composition of the solidol has some component, the name of which did not remember, which prevents the development of the breeding apparatus in young ticks, helped. A quartz lamp, in turn, acts dazzling and disorientates ticks. Therefore, the combined use of these two methods and gave the desired effect.

It does not hinder to add cleanliness, order, compliance with sanitation rules in the house and no tick will ever settle, and if it settles, then there will be no trace of it.

Causes of ticks in houses

It is impossible to completely exclude the possibility of penetration of parasites into the chicken coop. Ticks enter the house in several ways:

  • when settling newly arrived chickens that were infected,
  • the farmer can bring parasites on his clothes or with his equipment,
  • upon contact of healthy birds with patients during the walk.

Ticks multiply rapidly and affect the entire livestock. Warm weather and high humidity contribute to the spread and activation of parasites.

Why are ticks dangerous?

Ectoparasites not only cause discomfort to chickens, but also cause serious health problems. They injure the skin, and infection easily penetrates through microdamages. In addition, ticks feed on epidermal particles and blood, which leads to severe depletion of sick individuals. In infected chickens, immunity weakens, and productivity indicators decrease.

Attention! Chicken mites are carriers of Newcastle disease, plague, tuberculosis.

Species of parasites affecting chickens

There are several types of ticks that parasitize chickens. Some of them live on the skin of birds, others live in the edges of feathers. Feather mites affect not only chickens, but also other birds - turkeys, guinea fowl, ducks and even parrots.

  1. Feather or ovine tick.
  2. Scabies mite.
  3. Red chicken mite.
  4. Ixodid tick.

Syringophilia in chickens (feather tick)

This disease is caused by the feather tick Syringophilus bipectinatus. Parasites live in the cavities of the outskirts of large feathers of birds. Inside, they penetrate through the slit-like tubules of the papillae of the pen. Syringophilus have an elongated body, equipped with a gnawing mouth apparatus. At risk, chickens are older than 6 months.

  • decrease in egg production,
  • self-biting - birds experience severe itching, therefore they peck themselves,
  • exhaustion
  • the affected feathers lose their luster, become brittle and fall out, and their core part darkens,
  • the appearance of bare skin.

The fight against these parasites by external means is ineffective. Sprays and ointments do not help get rid of the ticks that live inside the pen shaft. Drugs simply can not penetrate its dense shell. Sick chickens drink Ivermectin. The drug is absorbed from the digestive system into the bloodstream and acts on ticks through the skin. The product is diluted with water and the drinkers are filled with the resulting solution. Ivermectin is given to chickens three times - 2 times with an interval of 24 hours, and then once after 2 weeks.

Attention! The dosage for chickens of different ages is selected by the veterinarian, taking into account the weight of the birds.

Knemidocoptosis and methods for combating scabies mite

The disease causes the small scabies mite Kmemidokoptes mutans. It lives in the surface layer of the epidermis and populates areas of the body that are not covered with feathers. Microscopic parasites climb under the scales on the paws of birds and make numerous moves there. These ticks feed on exfoliated epidermal fragments and lymphatic fluid.

Attention! Ectoparasites primarily affect individuals with a weakened immune system.

Symptoms of chicken damage with scabies mites:

Kmemidokoptes mutans in chickens

  • infected individuals peck their paws due to severe itching,
  • sick birds are exhausted
  • on the limbs the skin is coarsened, the scales are lifted,
  • at the advanced stages of the disease, ugly growths form on the paws.

Attention! Lack of therapy can lead to necrosis of the paw tissue and death of the laying hens.

Knemidocoptosis is treated with external acaricidal drugs. A good effect is achieved after applying aversectin ointment. A few treatments with an interval of 5-7 days are enough to destroy scabies mites. The ointment is applied to the affected skin with a thin layer using a cotton swab.

As a therapeutic agent, vegetable oil or petroleum jelly is sometimes used. The oily film that covers the skin prevents the flow of oxygen into the tissue, which leads to the death of ticks. This treatment method is not suitable for owners of large poultry farms, as sick individuals will have to be treated daily for 10 days.

Red chicken tick: symptoms and treatment methods

This type of ectoparasite differs from the previous ones in that it is easy to detect with the naked eye. Ticks parasitize on the surface of the skin in the head area by sticking to it. They breed outside the body of birds, choosing secluded places in the chicken coop.

Attention! Red chicken mites attack hens at night. In the afternoon, they hide in crevices and litter. That is why one of the signs of infection is the reluctance of chickens to return to the chicken coop in the evening after walking.

Other symptoms of the disease are exhaustion, decreased productivity, and self-biting. On the head of chickens you can find small dots of red-brown hue. These are ticks. They are especially dangerous for chickens. With a strong infection, the chicks are so weak that they can die from exhaustion.

Red Chicken Ectoparasites

For the treatment of chickens from red chicken mites, drugs are used:

Treatment of affected skin is carried out 2-3 times with an interval of 7-10 days.

Ixodid tick

This parasite is easy to detect due to its impressive size. It sticks to the skin and is saturated with the blood of a bird. Most often, the ixodid tick is attached to the catkins or the crest of the chicken, soft tissues. Ixodid ticks become active in early summer. They attack the victim on the street while walking. It’s easy to get rid of it - the place of introduction of the parasite is poured with vegetable oil, after which it is gently twisted counterclockwise.

Chicken house treatment

Chick feather ticks and other species of ectoparasites can live without a host for a long time. They hide in the litter, in the cracks between the boards, in the most secluded corners of the house. Treatment of chickens will not be effective if the chicken coop is not treated.

Having found ticks in the house, it is necessary to completely empty the room, take out all the inventory, and burn the litter. After thorough cleaning, all walls and the floor should be flushed with steam, and the metal structures should be heated with a blowtorch. Drinking bowls and feeders are washed and treated with insect-acaricidal solutions, such as:

Sulfur checker helps to get rid of all types of ectoparasites in the room, in addition, it destroys viruses, bacteria and fungi. Processing is carried out in the absence of birds. After 7-10 days, the procedure is repeated.

Tick ​​Prevention

Ectoparasites rarely start in poultry houses, where farmers regularly clean. It is important to maintain cleanliness constantly and to well ventilate the room in the spring and summer. Inside, you need to install a bath with sand and wood ash. Hens, floundering in it, independently process their feathers and skin, which serves as a prevention of tick infection.

It is important to regularly change the litter and disinfect the house. The walls and ceiling are usually treated with lime; it kills not only ticks, but also various infections. The inventory is washed weekly and scalded with boiling water. If an infected individual is found, it is necessary to separate it from its neighbors. Only after the end of treatment can the chicken return to relatives.

Attention! Newly laid hens and chickens are quarantined to avoid contamination of the livestock.

Feather mites and other types of skin parasites are very dangerous. They contribute to the spread of infections from which livestock can die. Having discovered the first signs of infection in one or more layers, do not hesitate. Sick individuals are immediately sedated and treated, the rest should be examined by a veterinarian. The chicken coop and inventory are treated with insect-acaricidal solutions.

How to recognize chicken ticks

A feather chicken tick is a blood-sucking parasite that lives on the body of domestic hens in chicken coops.

Dangerous insects are carriers of infectious diseases. From the active reproduction of ticks, the productivity of laying hens first of all suffers. What does an ordinary chicken tick look like? The appearance of chicken mites is no different from other bird parasites. Due to their small size (up to 1 cm in length), they are easily equipped in crevices and small rooms.

Pests quickly adapt to any environment and survive at extremely low or high temperatures, which complicates the positive results of combating them. The chicken parasite lives in uncleaned, raw houses and with poor ventilation. It occupies bedding and nests, and then moves to the body of the bird. Tenacious parasites bite people, but only in rare cases when a person spends a lot of time near the chicken coop. But the chicken red tick in humans is successfully cured. His bites are very painful and very dangerous for the animal and man. Chicken tick poison is injected into the wound creating a painful red focus up to 5 cm in diameter and prevents blood clotting. As a result, concomitant diseases against a background of weakened immunity can become a serious problem if you do not fight them.

If the tick bites chickens, small wounds and dried blood remain on the body of the birds.

To notice bite marks is difficult, it means that both a red and another chicken tick must be carefully looked for, especially under the thick down of chicken. The birds show nervousness and a painful state, because the feathered birds are unable to scratch the place of the bite due to the structure of their body. Young animals suffer from tick infestations more often than adults. Regular treatment of the chicken coop with various means against harmful parasites is the guarantee of the health of all poultry and therefore any chicken mite in this environment will not be dangerous.

The consequences of a tick bite

If the laying capacity of the laying hens has decreased, the bird constantly itches (behaves aggressively or is too active), and the young growth does not look good, you should examine the birds and conduct a check in the chicken coop and treat the infected birds. Parts of the body that suffer from insect bites:

In some cases, you can track the movement of the tick over the body of the chicken (places where thin skin is most vulnerable), but you should not wait for such tips. The danger of tick invasion is that they attack the ears, larynx and trachea of ​​broilers, because of which the first symptoms of birds do not appear immediately, and noticeable signs develop against the background of secondary diseases. In sick birds, tremor of the head begins, coughing attacks appear, wheezing in the lungs is heard.

At the first manifestations of the disease, you need to start treatment and conduct a full cleaning of the chicken coop. To check if there are parasites in the house or emergency measures have helped, you should take a clean piece of paper and place it in hard-to-reach parts of the chicken coop. In crevices under the floor or along poorly ventilated walls. If dark dots appear on the paper, the ticks have not disappeared.

Parasite Control Methods

In order to get rid of ticks in chickens, farmers grease the bites of oil with those parts of the feathered body on which unhealed wounds and legs are visible. After a couple of days, the tick dies. The wounds are disinfected and smeared with a cream that promotes rapid healing. The house should be cleaned and disinfected, and the chickens should be relocated to a dry, well-ventilated room after illness and treatment. As a result, the red dangerous chicken mite will be completely destroyed.

There are many methods thanks to which it is easy and effective to deal with ticks. Effective methods of combating ticks are as follows:

  • Treatment of a chicken flock begins with the treatment of feathered skin with special therapeutic agents. The procedure is carried out 2 times in knocks with a weekly interval. “Sevin” powder is the best remedy for chicken feather mites. Feathers are sprinkled with a powder preparation, and birds and their habitats are sprayed with disinfectant sprays.
  • Sand and ash are the best natural remedies to completely get rid of pests. 2 ingredients are mixed, and then the mixture is poured into a glass container. The container with the product is placed in the yard. Hens in the immediate vicinity with the product will be independently cleared of ticks. Soon, you can not worry about the tick problem.
  • Feather mites do not tolerate too high temperatures, so it is useful to treat the floor and walls of the chicken coop with boiling water, a flame (if the house is not wooden) or a blowtorch. Quartz lamps do an excellent job of killing ticks, this method is used on large poultry farms. At home, it is also suitable for controlling insects.
  • Plants will help to bring out such aliens. Mint, parsley, onions, celery and garlic are laid out in the chicken coop (around the perimeter). Specific odors will quickly drive pests out of the house.

Spray and aerosol treatment cannot be used without consulting specialists. Ветеринар безошибочно назначит медикаментозное лечение и детально расскажет, как бороться с куриным клещом в домашних условиях без вреда для пернатых.

Клещи для птиц опасны. Вредители переносят серьезные заболевания: чуму, боррелиоз и холеру. If you do not take appropriate measures for treatment and prevention, the birds will die and harm the person.

Bird mutilation

Two types of pests attack the legs and skin of poultry: acariform and feather insects. A tick in the chicken legs (acariform type) causes a serious illness - knemidocoptosis. Roosters suffer from a complex disease more often than chickens and laying hens. Symptoms of a dangerous disease are as follows: the upper layer of skin on the legs becomes thicker, the phalanges of the fingers are covered with a gray coating, and the bird looks weak and lethargic. If urgent drug treatment is not started, deformation of the extremities of the rooster cannot be corrected.

Remedies for knemidocoptosis will not cost the farmer too expensive. To treat the disease, people use cheap and natural birch tar. A remedy with a characteristic odor treats affected areas of the skin (so that the infection does not spread throughout the body). The course of treatment with a folk remedy is 6 days.

Acaricides are used to treat poultry as the most effective medications. The tool is rubbed into the lower extremities of the cock. The desired result can be seen on the second day. The feather tick of chickens settles on the stem of the feather and in the hole, directly sucking blood from the feathered bird. The loss of blood leads to the complete destruction of the feather and the chicken, if left untreated on time, may remain without plumage. The consequences of such an attack on chicken coops can be found in many photos.