Remember the childhood sensations of a swing? This is not only pleasant, but also useful - monotonous swings train the vestibular apparatus, and also calm the nervous system. The second property is very useful nowadays. Such a pleasant treatment, relaxation after a busy day. Moreover, any person with “straight” hands can make a swing with his own hands. There are, of course, complex models, but there are many more simple ones.
Like most of the outbuildings, swings are most often made of wood. Racks and a crossbeam - from a bar, a log, a seat - from boards and even from parts of home furniture.
It is easy to make such a swing sofa with log racks on your own: quickly, cheaply, conveniently
A bit about the designs. There are three main types of hanging swings, or as they are also called - a swing-boat, sofa, bench, etc. The main difference in the type of support structure: there is an A-shaped and a U-shaped. An example with racks folded in a triangular design you see above, and in the photo below an example with a U-shaped rack. It is more like a pergola with a hanging bench and it is being built according to the same type, only taking into account the swinging loads.
There is a third type - this is already a complex structure that requires certain skills - it is based on articulated joints and they swing from the stop with their feet to the floor. We’ll immediately give you photos and diagrams for those who wish (you can expand it in full screen if you click on the arrows in the upper right corner of the picture).
Main features of a wooden swing
- practicality and versatility. Wood is a material from which it is possible to build not only familiar single swings, but also cozy sofas with several seats,
- ecological cleanliness. The tree has a natural origin, so the material is absolutely safe for human health,
- harmonious combination with the landscape. A swing made of wood fits perfectly into any garden design. This advantage distinguishes designs from metal counterparts, which require appropriate design of the entire site,
- security. Wood is considered a rather soft material, which significantly reduces the number of injuries. This is especially important if children swing on a swing,
- ease of installation. Absolutely any person who is at least a little familiar with construction work can make a swing from a tree with his own hands,
- profitability. Cash costs will not be large, since the material itself is inexpensive.
It should be noted a small drawback, which is characteristic of a swing, and indeed any wood products. Designs need special placement and care, as they will lose their original appearance under the influence of negative environmental factors (snow, rain, sunlight, etc.). To avoid this, it is enough to install an awning or some simple canopy over the garden swing made of wood, which will protect the product from atmospheric precipitation and from scorching sun rays. Processing with special compounds and antiseptics will extend the life of the wooden structure, protect it from rot, from parasites and from high humidity.
Varieties of wood swing
There are a lot of design options for wood models. But among them three main types can be distinguished, which combine the most popular types of such devices:
- Designs designed for children. Most modifications of such devices are designed specifically for children - at the heart of the construct there is a bench - a seat, the capacity of which, depending on the model, is from 1 to 5 people. The main thing when creating such a device is to ensure the necessary safety for the child.
To ensure it provides the necessary protective elements that prevent falling. Among these necessary components, as a rule, there are handrails on both sides, a comfortable, well-fixed backrest, a partition that is mounted in front of the seat, and, in some cases, belts that hold the child in place to ensure that the child is firmly secured in the seat.
- Modifications designed for family entertainment. Such a device constructively consists of a long bench, which is able to accommodate at the same time 5 people. Such models, as a rule, are equipped with a special canopy, which prevents damage to wood from adverse weather events - prevents rain drops and direct sunlight from falling onto the surface of the tree. This variety is most successful for the garden.
- Mobile portable models. These are devices that are quite small in size and specially light weight.
This modification will allow you to place the structure in various places, depending on the desire. This type can be safely folded into a car in order to be transported to a selected vacation spot. They are most often fixed on tree branches or on supports made and installed in advance.
Types of garden swings with photos of models
The swings are divided according to the material of manufacture, type of construction and purpose. So, for example, designs are for adults, children and the whole family. Consider some features of various designs depending on their purpose.
Swing from a pipe and fittings with a rigid suspension of a sofa
Swing for adults
Swing for adults is characterized by simplicity and increased structural strength. They can be stationary or portable. A swing for a summer residence is made of a variety of materials and must withstand a load of more than 120 kg. Designs can have a variety of shapes.
Attraction for children
For children’s swings, very stringent safety requirements are imposed. When creating them, it is necessary to take into account not only the dimensions of the structure, but also the environmental friendliness of the materials used in the production. Children's attraction should not have sharp corners and is equipped with seat belts. Much attention is also paid to design design. Swings are performed both in their traditional form, and in the form of rockets, cars, trains.
Designs for the whole family
Attractions intended for the whole family are large, stable structures with a wide bench, which can accommodate several adults at the same time. For greater comfort, the swing is equipped with a wide awning, which will protect from the scorching sun and rain. Designs have a variety of sizes, are made of different materials and can be both stationary and mobile.
Garden swing design and materials used
The swing can have an A-, P- and L-shaped support structure. They are also suspended on chains, cables and balancers familiar to all from childhood. Depending on the type of swing, the manufacture of an attraction for adults and children uses metal pipes and corners, a wooden beam and logs, plastic and improvised materials.
The swing supports are made of wood or metal. Wooden structures look more aesthetic than metal, but have some restrictions on the weight of a rolling person. Swings from a metal pipe or corner have a relatively small mass, they have a long service life and are usually portable. Metal provides more opportunities for designers to create structures for relaxing in the country. For hanging swings, a thick tree branch, a metal or wooden beam of the ceiling of the veranda roof can be used as a support.
Forged garden swing for the whole family
Mounting the gimbal to the supporting structure
Mounting the seat to the support can be rigid and flexible. In the first option, a wooden beam, a metal corner or a pipe is used. For flexible suspension use cables, chains and ropes.
Chain swing swing
Seat for swing on chains and cables
Flexible suspension allows you to build a swing from improvised materials and install them very quickly. The easiest option is a board and two pieces of rope that are attached to a thick branch of a tree on a site or beam in the roof structure of the veranda. Using chains, ropes and cables, you can attach the seat to both stationary and mobile support structures. It is not recommended to use flexible suspensions for riding young children, since such designs are not stable, and unsafe twists of cables, chains or ropes are possible. To equip a swing, it is better to use chains or metal cables, since hemp ropes can stretch and sag, which will affect the reliability of the structure.
Wooden swing with soft sofa and awning Swing with a hard sofa Swing sofa from boards from cargo pallets
Rigid metal and wood suspensions
The use of wooden bars, metal corners or pipes for suspension of seats to the supporting structure has its advantages. This option is more reliable and can withstand more weight. Rigid suspension is best suited for children's swings.
Suspension of a sofa from pipes Rigid suspensions are the most reliable option Fastening the sofa to the frame using a wooden beam
How to make a do-it-yourself nest swing
The “nest” is a suspended structure with a round wicker seat. This model of a swing is also called a “basket” or “cobweb”. Swing "nest" can fit 2-3 children or one adult. However, for the suspension of this attraction it is necessary to use strong ropes.
Popular swing model "nest"
To create such an attraction you will need the following materials:
- climbing rope, hemp or synthetic cord with Ø 5-6 mm for the device of the seat,
- durable fabric and felt for the exterior of the seat,
- steel water pipe for supporting structure,
- gymnastic hoop Ø 900 mm for the manufacture of the seat frame.
The scheme and step-by-step instructions for creating a do-it-yourself street swing for a summer residence
The creation of a “nest” type swing begins with the manufacture of a wicker or textile seat. If the attraction is intended only for children, then gymnastic hoops will be needed. The design, designed for adults, is made of a steel pipe with Ø 16 mm and a length of 1,500 mm, which is shaped like a circle on a pipe bending device. The junction is welded. Ropes are attached to the frame, and the hoop is braided using the “dream catcher” or macrame technique. The seat cords are tightened so that there is no sagging. The hoop is finished with foam rubber and textile or tarpaulin.
The easiest weaving seat
Recommendation! The seat of the "nest" can be supplemented with a pillow with a nylon cover and high-quality filler. This will make the design more comfortable.
When the seat is ready, you can begin to create a support structure. To do this, you can use a profile pipe or a thick wooden beam. The support for the suspension of the seat is made as follows.
- We assemble two lateral A-shaped structures.
- If the swing is stationary, then the sidewalls are dug into the ground. The distance between the supports should be equal to the height of the structure.
- The sides at the top are connected by a steel pipe to which the seat will be attached.
- Cables, ropes or suspension chains are attached to the crossbar. To prevent abrasion of the cables from contact with the pipe, a polyester gasket is placed under them.
- The seat is attached to cables, ropes or chains with four carabiners.
After the design is ready, it needs to be tested for strength. For this, it is necessary to lay a load on the seat with a total weight of about 120-150 kg. This will allow you to check the tension of the cables, the braid of the hoop, as well as adjust the optimal distance between the seat and the ground.
How to make a metal swing with your own hands in the country
Metal swings for cottages are stationary, with a rigid structure, and collapsible. The first option is preferable because it provides greater stability, safety and reliability. However, in this case, the presence of welding skills is required. The collapsible design is less reliable since loosening of joints can occur during operation.
Country swing from metal
Do-it-yourself metal garden swing drawings
Here is one of the options for solving a garden swing device.
Do-it-yourself garden swing drawings
We suggest watching a video - how to make a swing of metal with your own hands.
How to make a do-it-yourself swing from a profile pipe
Profile pipe - the best option for the manufacture of metal swings, especially collapsible portable structures. This is due to the fact that in this case, you can do without welded joints. Swing can be easily assembled with bolts and nuts. As we already said, a bolted connection is less reliable than a welded one due to loosening during operation, but this problem can be solved by regularly checking the attachment points and, if necessary, eliminating the formed backlash.
Consider the option of creating a metal swing for cottages from a profile pipe using welding.
A photo of a garden do-it-yourself metal swing
Detailed manufacturing instructions
For the manufacture of metal swings from a profile pipe, the following materials and tools will be required:
- welding machine,
- electric drill,
- square and tape measure
- metal brush
- paint brush or roller
- profile pipe 40 × 40 × 2 000 mm - 5 pcs.,
- pipe 20 × 20 × 1000 mm - 2 pcs.,
- profile 20 × 40 × 1,000 mm - 3 pcs.,
- board 20 × 90 × 1,500 mm - 7 pcs.
|First we take two pipes and cut off their ends with a grinder at an angle of 45 °. Check the angles: internal - 45 °, and outside - 90 °|
|We take a piece of pipe for the cross member, measure it from the bottom edge of 700 mm and mark the corners. Cut off excess grinder with a cutting wheel. By welding, we connect together all the details of the A-shaped sidewall. The distance between the lower ends of the side strut should be about 1,600 mm|
|In the same way we make the second sidewall of the swing|
|We install the sidewalls, and on them we put the upper cross member, on which the swing seat will be mounted. Check the angles between the uprights and the cross member: they must be exactly 90 °|
|Additionally, we strengthen the structure with two segments of the profile pipe, with which we connect the sidewalls. Two “ears” must be welded to the upper cross member to secure the seat suspensions|
|Now we begin to manufacture the swing seat itself. For this, it is necessary to take three sections of the profile pipe with a cross section of 20 × 40 mm and grab them together by welding. Step back from the edge of 100 mm and put the first mark. Then apply risks at a distance of about 120 mm from each other|
|At the marks, use a grinder to make V-shaped cuts. The most extreme cuts need to be done on the reverse side. After all the pipes are cut, you need to bend the design of the desired shape|
|All joints in each pipe must be boiled, and the excess cut off|
|Separate the pipes, boil and clean all the seams with a grinder and paint|
|We fasten the pipes to the chopped boards. To do this, drill holes Ø 4 mm in them. We fix the boards with self-tapping screws|
|It turns out here is a seat|
|We attach “ears” for suspensions to the upper part of the back to the side pipes|
|Drill the pipe edge on the seat and install bolts for fastening to the chain.|
|We attach the suspension chains to the seat|
|We hang a sofa on the upper bar with carabiners|
How to make a swing from a tree with your own hands
Making a swing from a tree for a summer residence with your own hands is the best option, since you do not need to deal with welding: not everyone has a special apparatus, and not every person knows how to use it. With a tree, a completely different situation. Almost any person who knows how to handle a hacksaw and a hammer can make a wooden swing.
Photo of a do-it-yourself garden swing made of wood
Do it yourself do-it-yourself garden swing made of wood: drawings and a step-by-step guide
First, let's study the scheme. As can be seen from the drawing, there is nothing complicated here.
Photo of drawings of wooden do-it-yourself swing
To make a swing from a bar with your own hands, you can use the drawing proposed above, find another option on the Internet, or develop your own design. For a better understanding, you can use the following videos: they describe in detail the process of creating a swing from a tree.
How to assemble a garden swing from improvised materials
To create a swing in the country, you can use almost any improvised materials. To assemble this popular attraction, old car tires, driftwood, logs, boards from cargo pallets are used. Для самой простой конструкции достаточно толстой ветки на высоком дереве в саду, цепей или канатов и доски для сиденья.
Качели можно сделать даже из каната и обычного скейтборда
Собираем своими руками качели из покрышек
Чтобы сделать для дачи уличные подвесные качели на цепях достаточно подвесов, автомобильной покрышки и нескольких рым-болтов. For the manufacture of the structure, 2-3 holes are drilled in the tire into which eyebolts are inserted for attaching the suspensions. The whole structure is mounted on any crossbar - and the swing is ready. Such an attraction is able to withstand both a child and an adult weighing up to 120 kg.
Swing with a car seat
Garden swing from logs
The garden swing made of logs and snags looks original. This is a great option, as the material for the construction can be easily found in the nearest forest. You can give free rein to your imagination and make just a fabulous swing that will appeal not only to children but also to adults. But there is an important point: if it is supposed to install a stationary structure with a deepening in the ground, it is recommended that the lower ends of the supports be treated with resin or special impregnation to prevent decay of the wood. For the manufacture of do-it-yourself wooden swings for summer cottage drawings can be easily found on the Internet or make them yourself.
Garden swing from substandard logs
Do-it-yourself wooden swing
Most often they independently make a design in the form of the letter "A". It is simpler, requires less material consumption. In more detail, we will analyze the nodes, fasteners, talk about materials, protection against destruction and stability.
Immediately about what to make a wooden swing. The choice of cross-section of lumber depends on the planned load. If it is assumed that one adult will sit, the racks and the upper bar at a minimum are 50 * 70 mm. If a larger number of "seats" is assumed - two or three, then the cross-section of the beam is not less than 100 * 100 mm, in the best - 100 * 150 mm. It has been experimentally established that such a structure, when using a bar 100 * 100, normally withstands a total load of about 200 kg. If you need more - take a larger section, or put logs))
About what a bench / sofa is made of. A block of 70 * 40 mm will go to the frame, the back height is at least 600 mm, the seat depth is at least 480 mm. You can experiment with the depth of the seat and the angle of inclination of the back: there are options for a “lying” position. Accordingly, both the length of the sofa and the dimensions of the structure vary greatly from this. For fastening use nails 200 or studs of at least 10 mm in diameter.
How to arrange racks
A diagram with the dimensions and a list of the required material in the photo below. Frankly, few people make such materials as specified in the specification. More often put a bar.
There are varieties of this design: with or without bottom frame. If the swing will be installed on a hard platform and the mounts made rigid, on the studs, without the possibility of play, then this design will stand without problems. If in doubt, you can make a screed on the bottom of the timber, nail it with studs to the cover, or drive the brackets into the ground.
For those who are afraid of lateral loads - the design in this axis is not the most reliable - you can offer to place the racks with a slope. A large area will be required, but stability will be high.
Slant racks make the structure more stable
If it is intended to be installed in the ground, parts of the racks that will be buried must be treated with bio-protection. As a cheap option - put for several hours in a vessel with used oil. Dry, then bury. They dig it to a depth of at least 50 cm, pour a little gravel on the bottom, put up racks and concreted. If you are afraid that this is not enough, fasten several metal strips crosswise at the bottom. The hole will have to be dug larger, but the retention area will be larger.
Swing of timber on the ground. Concreting marks visible
Methods for securing the cross member
In all swings of this type - with racks cut up at the top of the racks - the knot of fastening the cross-member is problematic, to which the bench then clings. In the photo above, it is solved reliably, although not quite aesthetically. The trouble is that aesthetic methods are difficult to perform. And, if you are not for sale, it’s faster to do something inelegant, but reliable. So, in order to fix the cross-member, an overhead beam is attached below the intersection, pulled to the posts by studs. A cross-beam lies on it, which is kept from lateral shifts by the uprights and fasteners - nails and studs.
Another way to install the cross member is to mount the side posts in the form of the letter “X”. With this option, the supporting beam fits perfectly. It is additionally fastened with nails, and the racks are pulled together with studs. See this option in the next photo.
All is well, but the length of the sofa is not enough ...
By the same principle, a do-it-yourself swing is assembled from logs: the side ones are fastened crosswise, and the supporting log is laid on top. If the beam is sometimes collected on nails, then in the case of logs, studs are mainly used.
Swing on log chains
For those who are familiar with carpentry, there are still options: half-wood. Such a project is in the photo gallery below with a close-up of some key nodes.
Fastening the swing to the crossbar
The mount for the swing still needs clarification, that is, it is not obvious to everyone how to hang a bench-sofa on the crossbar. First, the crossbar is drilled through from bottom to top. A bolt is passed through the hole to which the eye nut is attached. One or two wide washers are placed under the head of the nut so that it does not squeeze under weight.
Instead of the usual nut, the eye nut is screwed onto the bolt passed through the hole in the crossbeam
It turns out that the ring-nut ring is located below. You can attach a carabiner to it, throw a rope or cable, etc. Just pay attention that the carabiner should normally, freely hang on the ring-nut ring. And in the carabiner two chain links should fit freely. Therefore, it is advisable to buy everything together in one store: you can try on the entire site at once.
How is the chain assembly for the swing going? Then this carbine is threaded into the eye-nut and the safety ring is twisted
By the way, in the rigging shop you can stumble upon other devices that can be adapted to secure chains or ropes from the swing seat. For example, such as in the photo below.
More rigging options. Of these, you can also make a swing unit for attaching to the crossbar
They are designed for lifting loads from 0.5 tons, so for children it makes no sense to use them, but for a swing for adults it’s quite.
Such a mount has a significant minus - a creak is heard when rocking. You can get rid of it for a while by lubricating the unit, but this operation will have to be repeated periodically. The way out is to make a knot on bearings, but you can not do without welding.
DIY metal swing
Their design is exactly the same. The material is different, and the method of fastening it. This is welding. Those familiar with welding inverters can easily weld something similar. And for inspiration, a photo report.
Below is a drawing of this swing with dimensions. Some clarification required. The figure has a pipe welded around the perimeter (this plane is shaded). It is buried and therefore not visible in the photo. It was made in order to increase stability: the masses of friends are considerable. For the same reason, metal plates are welded onto the ends of the racks. The installation was complicated, but the swing is tight.
Drawing of a swing from a profile pipe with dimensions
For manufacturing, it took 22 meters of a profile pipe 50 * 50 mm, for a seat 25 * 25 mm - 10 mm, boards 2000 * 120 * 18 - 7 pcs, and the rest - fasteners, paint, anti-rust.
There is another way to attach the swing to the crossbar. He is in the photo.
A way to mount a metal swing to the crossbar
No one can explain how the author of the work. How to make a do-it-yourself swing from metal, see the video.
The original form of the swing from the profile pipe is non-linear, but curved. This, if possible, can be done with a tree only to the master.
Several photo ideas from authors and owners of similar designs.
For children, you can make the same in design, but smaller.
Approximate sizes of swings for children. Height, of course, may be less
There are several other models for the playground, but how to make a sandbox can be found here. Here are the first ones - a swing-scale or a balancer.
Swing for children - balancer or scales
Everything is clear, questions may arise only on the mount. Below is a drawing with dimensions. To stole the upper part, steel plates are fixed inside. So that they swing, a hole is drilled into which a pin is threaded. You can improve the "rolling" by inserting bearings.
Stands for swing-balancer
You can quickly and easily make a swing-nest from a tire (car tire). Bolts with eye nuts are installed in it at four corners, but of a smaller diameter (do not forget about the washers), ropes or chains cling to them, and they can be thrown at least on the corresponding branch on the tree, even hung on the horizontal bar.
The subtleties of building a garden swing
When creating a wooden swing for the garden, you will need to decide on the main material. It can be metal, wood or plastic. They are most often used in the construction of swings with and without backs. When creating this design with your own hands, it is best to pay attention to the wood.
Such a swing will undoubtedly have its drawbacks. However, they are relevant to all wood products located in the open. With proper processing and installation of the structure, it will serve for many years. Such swings will not be affected by the effects of negative environmental factors.
The most unfavorable of them are:
- mold and fungus
- Sun rays,
- temperature differences.
With your own hands, you can build a swing in the garden quite quickly.
Benefits of DIY Swing Making
Wood is characterized by many positive properties that ensure its successful operation in different conditions. This allows you to make a wooden swing for a summer cottage not only comfortable and beautiful.
Wooden structures have such features:
- Environmental friendliness. Wood is a natural material that is completely safe for humans and animals.
- Outward appeal. A swing made of wooden elements can fit perfectly into any landscape. This is due to the fact that in the garden most of the surroundings are natural materials. In comparison with metal products, wooden swings look much more harmoniously in the garden near the country house.
- High level of security. Wood has softness and flexibility, which avoids many injuries during the operation of the swing. This advantage is especially true if the design is intended for children.
- Ease of installation. Almost everyone can build a swing on their own. The main thing is to get acquainted with the construction technology.
- Universality. Such material lends itself perfectly to processing. It can be cut, ground, grinded. A swing is made both single and in the form of spacious sofas. For the design and construction of the swing, you do not need to attract specialists.
Sizes and models of a swing
With the independent construction of wooden swings, it is worth taking care not only of finding materials for the structure, but also of creating the project. You will also need to determine the location of the swing. To speed up the work, you should use a photo of finished products. You can also use existing drawings.
A wooden swing has many types of construction. Each of them should be considered in more detail:
- Family The main distinguishing feature of such structures is their large capacity. The design is based on a long bench. It usually fits immediately up to 4-5 people. Most often, such products have a canopy that can protect from rain and sun.
- Children's swing. Such products can be made in various modifications. Often, designs have supports, seats and fasteners. When building them, it is important to think about creating maximum safety conditions for the child. For this, a comfortable backrest, partitions and belts are built with which the child is fixed.
- Wearable. Such designs are small in size and light in weight. Such characteristics not only allow you to quickly dismantle and move the swing within the site, but also transport them by car to other places. Such swings are mounted on tree branches, on quickly installed supports.
A photo of a wooden swing from above confirms that portable structures look pretty attractive. When choosing the variety of swings that are planned to be installed on your site, you should pay attention to the features of the personal territory.
Any construction planned on a summer cottage should first be designed. Also, before work, the optimal place for construction is selected.
It is best if the platform on which the swing is planned to be installed is level. You should also choose a place where during sunny days the shadow will remain. You can install a swing under a sprawling tree or place them directly on the porch, where a canopy will save you from bad weather.
Such factors directly affect the comfort of people on a swing. For example, sitting on a too heated seat is rather unpleasant. If the structure will be in the open, wooden elements can deteriorate from the constant effects of rainfall.
It is also necessary to choose a place where there will be enough space for swinging. It must be taken into account that during the day the shadow will move depending on the position of the sun in the sky. It is better to place the swing where the shadow appears at noon. At this time there is the most intense heat.
Drawing of a wooden swing
Making a swing with your own hands from a tree is quite simple. To do this, you need to perform an accurate drawing. Simple suspended structures that are mounted on an A-shaped support will fit perfectly both in a large area and in a small garden. Their construction does not require much effort and time. It is necessary to prepare such tools:
Also, to perform the swing, you will need a planer and a hammer, a chisel, saw goats, a screwdriver, an electric drill.
You can create a swing for a summer house yourself quickly enough. In order to avoid problems when directly performing work, it is worthwhile to draw up a drawing in advance. It will reflect all construction materials with an indication of the dimensions. Based on a detailed diagram, you can easily understand what building elements you need to buy.
For example, you need bars for racks, boards for the back, seat and armrests. You should also stock up on fasteners. It is better if a pine impregnated with special compounds is chosen to create the structure.
Such subtleties of the structure must be taken into account at the planning stage.
In addition to fasteners, you will need to prepare spacers, a chain (2 cm thick), hooks, and sandpaper.
DIY family swing
The best place to install the structure would be the backyard. In most cases, it is equipped specifically for relaxation. Here the swing will look cozy and harmonious.
From the end of each supporting leg for a swing, a marking of the inclined slice is applied. Such work is carried out using a square. The result should be a bevel along which the cut will be performed.
Before sawing wooden structural elements, you must first secure them in the mounting gantry. Saw should be marked. Do not forget about controlling the parties. Sometimes it is necessary to process an already made bevel. To do this, use a planer.
To make the second leg identical, you should attach the first joint to it. Each mark is transferred to the second leg. Then they are cut. After that, each leg is laid on the rib so that between their lower parts was 1.2 m. The upper ends of the legs are adjacent to the transverse beam.
Half a meter is marked from the bottom of the supporting legs and a lower block is applied to fasten the legs of one side of the swing. The upper fastening block should be 15 cm below the crossbeam.
As soon as the support legs of each side are fastened, a transverse beam should be mounted. The seat is created on the basis of the L-shaped frame. The boards should have a thickness of 50 mm.
To suspend the swing on both sides of the structure, it is worthwhile to install screws on which the rings will be fixed. Such elements must be used to connect the swing and support using suspensions. Typically, wooden structures use chains.
The connection of the main parts is carried out using carabiners. The length of the suspensions is selected in accordance with the wishes of the owner of the site. It is better if the bench is placed at a height of 30 cm from the ground.
Completion of work
At the last stage of the construction, all its elements are varnished. This will provide the smoothest surface, and also will preserve the natural appearance of wood and increase the life of the swing.
The design can also be painted in any color. In addition, many install a small canopy. Стоит включить в процесс фантазию, и качели можно сделать максимально оригинальными. Чтобы качели были более удобными, на них можно уложить подушки.
Строительство семейной конструкции качелей из дерева для дачи своими руками
На начальном этапе осуществляется подготовка материалов для создания садовой качели своими руками, фото которой вам понравилось больше всего. Based on the drawings, you can easily understand how many blanks will be required to assemble the structure and what sizes they should have.
Dimension table for creating blanks:
|Detail in construction||Dimensions of the transverse part of the workpiece, cm||Final length, cm||The required number of blanks, pcs.|
|Frame part of the structure|
|Bar (for seat)||3,5x7||120||2|
In addition, for connecting the above blanks together in a single design, the presence of fasteners with different parameters is required.
The final size of the structure is: 2.1 m (width), 1.235 m (depth) and 1.9 m (height). It is recommended to use impregnated pine as a raw material.
Dimensional table of fasteners:
|Type of fastener||Dimensional parameters, mm|
|Galvanized wood screws||8x65|
|Screws (24 pcs.)||8x50|
|Screws (8 pcs.)||10x75|
|Nails (convex hat)||2,5x65|
|Screws with a square head and washers under them (8 pcs.)||8x100|
|Round head bolts and nuts for them (2 pcs.)||10x125|
|Eyebolts with washers under them and lock nuts (6 pcs.)||100|
Useful advice! Prepare an antiseptic, as well as materials for finishing, in advance suitable for wood processing. These points are thought out at the design and planning stage of the future design.
In addition to the fasteners, you will need a number of additional materials: a pair of wooden spacers for the corner zone (length 38 cm), sandpaper with a grain level of 120, hooks equipped with a fuse (6 pcs., 5 mm), a chain 4.4 m long (link thickness 2 cm).
The technology of manufacturing a family design of a wooden swing for a DIY house
To place a swing, it is recommended to choose the back of the house. Even if your site is fenced off from a noisy street and neighbors, this area will still be the most comfortable and quiet. In most cases, the backyard is equipped for relaxation, and you can safely use it for mounting family or children's street wooden swings for a summer residence.
Marking the supporting part of the product
To make a support, it will be necessary to saw the transverse beam to the specified size using a circular saw. At a distance of 15 cm, marks are made from each end and a straight line is drawn. It should pass along all the faces on the beam. This line will be considered as the external face for the A-shaped support.
On the end of the legs should be marked for inclined sections. To do this, the square is fastened with the help of rafter pins. The installation of one of the pins is carried out on a larger leg (at a distance of 316 mm from the corner), and the other on a smaller (at a distance of 97 mm from the corner). The foot is laid on the edge and marked with the positions of the square. You should get a bevel to do the bottom cut.
After this, the positions of the square line on the verge of the legs are marked. To do this, you need to move the square in the direction along the leg to combine it with the previous position of the ruler. Having outlined the length of the ruler, you can move the square further.
Note! This procedure is performed until the square is set 6 times in length.
The last line of marking is designed for transverse cutting of the beam. These positions are marked with straight lines leading to each side of the leg. To make a pattern, you need to saw off the material on the side that is not processed.
Cut the supporting part of the structure
To saw off the material using a hacksaw, you should first put it on the edge and clamp it in the saw goats. Cutting is carried out strictly according to the marking. Remember to control the parties. This is especially true for the upper cut zone. Sometimes it becomes necessary to level the bevel. To do this, it is enough to process the end part of the cut with a planer.
To form the second leg, you need to put the first one to it, joint to joint. After that, all marks on the bevels and length are transferred to the second leg and sawn off according to the marking.
Then both legs are laid on the edge so that the end parts of the vertices are located on different sides of the transverse beam. The lower part of the legs is pushed to the sides until a distance of 1.2 m is formed. The upper part of these parts must be adjacent to the crossbar. To check the bevels, use a ruler, applying it to the ends. Adjust if necessary.
A distance of 50 cm is measured from the base of the legs and a lower bar is applied. Next, the lines of the legs, as well as the upper and lower parts of the bar, are transferred to the corresponding parts. After that, the upper bar is laid on its feet. This must be done so that it is located 15 cm lower than the transverse beam lies, and is parallel to the first bar. The markup is carried out in exactly the same way as in the previous version.
After that, the bars are removed, and the marking is combined on the surface. At given points, these elements need to be cut to the required length.
Assembly of the supporting part
The next phase of construction is a fit test. Marking is carried out using a square on the inside of the legs.
Useful advice! You can use these 4 parts as samples for making a second side frame. She is going in a similar way.
The template is set at a mark of 22 mm and markings are made between perpendicular lines located on the inside of each of the legs.
Further actions are carried out in the following sequence:
- a nail with a convex head (25x65 mm) is driven in from the outside of the leg
- fitting joints and driving nails into the frame,
- hole formation with a drill, whose diameter is 8 mm. The hole should reach the central part of the end of each bar,
- forming a mounting hole with a drill, the diameter of which is 4.5 mm. You need to do this as deep as possible into the end of the bars,
- screed of parts through the installation hole using square-head screws equipped with 8x100 mm washers. You need to do this procedure with all the bars,
- placing the transverse beam in an appropriate place in the upper part of the frame,
- the combination of the edges of the frame with perpendicular markings on the transverse beam,
- the formation of a hole with a diameter of 10 mm in the beam and in both legs,
- fixing parts with a bolt with a semicircular head (125x10 mm) and a nut,
- reconciliation of the angles between the beam and the leg,
the formation of through holes in the leg with a diameter of 4.5 mm at a level of 30 mm from the bottom of the beam. Fixing parts with screws (65 mm). Similar actions are performed on the upper leg. Only in this case, other screws (38 mm) are used for fastening.
Next, you need to connect the upper bar and the crossbar. The spacer is fixed with a through screw, the size of which is 65 mm. The upper part of this element is fixed to the lower edge of the beam in the end part with a 38 mm screw into a pre-made hole (4.5 mm).
Create a do-it-yourself wooden swing seat
The technology for creating a seat is carried out in stages on the basis of an L-shaped frame made of boards (40-50 mm).
Note! Drawings of a children's do-it-yourself swing made of wood are in many respects similar to ordinary family-type designs. Only in this case you can shorten the seat by making the swing single, or add a few seat belts to fix each child in the large seat.
Step-by-step instructions for making a seat:
- From the boards, 3 frame details for the bench should be formed. They must be L-shaped. Fixation is carried out by self-tapping screws. To fit the frame to the curve of the spine, use carpentry tools. Thanks to this, you can achieve a comfortable posture for the back while riding,
- frame elements should be placed along the length of the bench with the same pitch. Use a thin board to hold them together. The resulting design will be the basis for the creation of the bench. The part with the vertical type of placement will be the back, the horizontal with the seat,
- the remaining seating area is filled with boards. Pre-make holes in them to facilitate the process of screwing in the screws and prevent the appearance of cracks. Make sure the boards are equally spaced and equal in length,
- treat the surface with a grinding tool. Thanks to this, you can eliminate bumps and burrs on the wood,
- fix the armrests.
Balancing varieties of wooden swings
Such a variety can often be seen in yard playgrounds; it is a favorite pastime of children of all ages. It can be built from any wood material, whether it is a log, board or timber.
For the simplest solution you will need:
- Log or log saw cut,
- A pin made of wood or metal,
- A board about three centimeters thick and about three meters long,
- Bars in the amount of two pieces with a section size of 30x30 centimeters,
- Two holders.
To build this variety, the log is placed on its side, after which it is fixed with the help of bars. In the center, a special pin is screwed onto which a board with attached holders is hung.