What is a training project for a student and for a teacher
The project activity of schoolchildren is cognitive, educational, research and creative activity, as a result of which a solution to the problem appears, which is presented in the form of a project.
For a student, a project is an opportunity to maximize their creative potential. This is an activity that allows you to prove yourself individually or in a group, try your hand, apply your knowledge, bring benefits, show publicly achieved results. This is an activity aimed at solving an interesting problem formulated by the students themselves. The result of this activity - the found way to solve the problem - is practical and significant for the discoverers themselves.
And for a teacher, a training project is an integrative didactic tool for development, training and upbringing, which allows you to develop and develop specific design skills: problematization, goal-setting, activity planning, reflection and introspection, presentation and self-presentation, as well as information search, practical application of academic knowledge, self-study, research and creative activity.
Design and research work in the school is a new, innovative method that combines the educational and cognitive component, game, scientific and creative. The main difference between such activities for elementary schools is that students, first of all, get their first research skills, due to which the specific qualities of a special way of thinking develop.
Organization of project activities
When organizing project activities in elementary school, the teacher needs to consider the following aspects:
1. The design assignment should correspond to the age and level of development of the student.
2. The issues of future projects should be taken into account, which should be in the field of interests of students.
3. Conditions must be created for successful implementation of projects (availability of materials, data, multimedia).
4. Before giving students a design assignment, they should first prepare for such activities.
5. Manage projects, help students and advise them.
6. Work out with the students the techniques of project activities, while improving general educational skills.
7. When choosing a project topic - not to impose information, but to interest, motivating them to search independently.
8. Discuss with students the choice of sources of information: library, reference books, Internet, periodicals, etc.
9. In the process of preparing for project activities, it is advisable to organize joint excursions, walks, observations, experiments, actions for students.
Types of projects
Research projects. Schoolchildren conduct experiments, study any field, and then fill out the results in the form of wall newspapers, booklets or computer presentations. Such research projects positively affect the student’s professional self-determination, and can also become the basis for future term papers, dissertations in the student years.
Game projects. They are presented in the form of games and performances, where, playing the roles of any heroes, students offer their solutions to the problems being studied.
Information projects. Students collect and analyze information on a topic, presenting it in the form of a magazine, newspaper, almanac.
Creative projects. There is enormous scope for imagination: the project can be executed in the form of an extra-curricular activity, an environmental action, a video film and much more. Fantasy has no limit.
Selecting a topic and setting a project goal
The choice of project topics can be based on in-depth study of any educational material in order to expand knowledge, interest children in studying the subject, and improve the learning process.
A project must have a clear, achievable goal. In the most general sense, the goal of a project is always to solve the original problem, but in each case, this solution has its own unique solution and implementation. This embodiment is a project product, which is created by the author in the course of his work and also becomes a means of solving the problem of the project.
Type of project
Objective of the project
Type of student activity