For fishing to be as successful as possible, you must also carefully prepare for it. The owner of the fishing rods should study the bait on which the fish are pecking, the habitat of the prey and use suitable equipment. In this regard, going for a predator, you need to figure out what to catch rainbow trout. It is also important to understand that this type of vertebrate does not like unnecessary movements and fuss. The process should take place calmly and without harsh actions. The secret of catching large specimens is the first and unexpected casting.
Essential equipment for trout fishing
Tackle for trout fishing is selected depending on the chosen fishing method, namely: the use of a spinning or fly fishing method, docks or float fishing rods.
Spinning is considered the most popular and effective way of fishing, moreover, it refers to intense, because it requires constant movement and activity.
Depending on the chosen fishing method, gear for trout fishing is selected
The success of fishing depends on the right equipment, which must be constructed from the following elements:
- fishing rod - this element should be selected based on the fishing conditions. It is necessary to focus on the state of the reservoir, the amount of vegetation and the method of fishing. For example, fishing in a boat involves the use of a short rod, from a clean coast - about three meters, etc.
- spinning test - trout has a unique mouth structure, which does not allow the use of large baits. The maximum weight of the bait should be 7 g. Based on this, the spinning test can be in the range from 0 to 7 g. Test rods are ultralight. Rigid structures are recommended, they will allow you to control wiring. The success of fishing depends on the sensitivity and quality of this element.
- fishing line - it is recommended to use monophilic material, the diameter of which will not exceed 0.18 mm. The fishing line should easily pass the bite, and also have reliability, durability and have an inconspicuous color,
- reel - this element is selected based on the structure of the rod. In any case, the coil must be rigid, reliable and have high-quality friction. You can speed up the fishing process using a design that has a large gear ratio.
The use of the “fly fishing” method implies the presence of a fishing rod of 1.7-3 m, fly fishing gear of class 3-7 and a special fly fishing cord. The latter is matched to the class of the main element. If the choice is difficult, the store consultant will help determine the necessary products. An important structural element is the leash. The length of the element must be correctly selected depending on the length of the rod.
It is impossible to unequivocally answer what is better to catch trout? This is a controversial issue and the choice depends on the preferences of the fisherman. Some exclude fishing options other than the spinning method. Others, on the contrary, got used to the option of using fly fishing. In any case, it is recommended to try two methods and choose your own. After that, the fisherman will immediately understand which fishing rod to fish for trout.
What is better to catch trout can not be answered unambiguously
Trout Fishing Tackle
Since trout can be found in lakes and rivers, it is possible to use any gear, depending on the place of fishing. The main gears are:
- ordinary fishing rod (float)
- fly fishing
All three types of gear can do their job perfectly. Each fisherman engaged in trout fishing has his own tackle, to which he is accustomed and with which he manages well. All three gears are good, but among them there is the simplest and most difficult. The simplest tackle is a fishing rod, and the hardest one is fly fishing, the use of which requires special skills. Well, spinning is something in between, although it requires certain skills, but spinning is much easier to master than fly fishing. Each tackle involves the use of a certain type of lure.
A selection of lures and baits for trout fishing
Trout is one of the most attractive and delicious types of fish. To catch the beauty, fishermen invent a variety of methods and apply many techniques. Let's see what kind of bait to catch trout?
Among the predator fishing options, the following stand out:
- spinners on trout - the products with the third number are considered the most effective, having a quick game and a golden, silver color. Lures can be used in different reservoirs with different depths, they are suitable for reusable use and are considered the most productive,
- wobblers for trout - the best option would be a bait with a length of 4-10 cm and belonging to the oscillating type. Floating wobblers are able to simulate real bait, which attracts trout, and are suitable for fishing at different depths. They can be used for different types of fishing and have a unique game,
- silicone bait for trout - this type of product is used with small items. They are convenient to operate, but are not used in all areas, subject to certain conditions,
- trout fishing for pasta - refers to affordable and cheaper gear. It can be used on fishing rods, bottom structures. Effective bait will be in the right time of year.
Not everyone knows what to catch river trout on. In addition to high-class artificial baits, the fisherman can take advantage of bait of animal origin. They also work under certain conditions. Knowing the prey habitat and other features, fishing will certainly give its results.
It is considered productive to catch trout on shrimp. The little bastard has an amazing aroma and a favorable color. The fish is in love with crustaceans and will certainly appreciate the efforts of the fisherman. In addition, you can catch trout on bloodworms, maggots, bees, caterpillars, crab meat, squid, worms and pieces of fresh fish.
Of all the above methods, it is considered the most universal and effective to catch trout on spinners. With basic skills, a fisherman will definitely catch a large number of fish.
What is trout caught?
After choosing a particular tackle, you should choose the bait for trout. In spring and summer, trout is caught on various baits, such as a worm, insects, corn, etc., but closer to autumn, the predator instinct wakes up, so during this period the use of spinning is more justified, since it is caught on most artificial baits .
If trout is caught on a fishing rod, then the following bait can be used:
- insect larvae, bloodworms or maggot,
- bait fish or a dead fish,
- Red caviar,
All of them proved to be excellent when fishing for trout on a regular fishing rod. Trout actively caught on red caviaralthough this is a very expensive bait and not everyone can afford such a luxury.
Trout also takes a good worm, but the dung worm, as it has a brighter reddish hue. To catch small specimens, you can do with a piece of the worm, but if large individuals bite, then you can not do with one worm. As a rule, in such cases, several worms in the form of a garland cling to the hook. The fact is that large trout is unlikely to bite on a piece of a worm.
Trout is a careful fish, so bait should be planted so that the hook does not peek out, otherwise you can not wait for the bite of the trout.
As for fish or bait fish, here the hook should not be hidden, since it will be difficult to hook the fish. The fish is hooked by the fin or lip. This option is also possible when one hook clings to the lip, and the second to the tail. Moreover, the hooks should be at different levels. When the hook peeks out of the fish’s body, the trout can confuse it with the sharp fin of the fish.
Live bait should be located in the water column or closer to the bottom. When fishing on the river, bait fish are allowed to flow towards the whirlpool, where trout likes to be. To provoke a bite, you can play along with the tip of the rod.
When fishing on a lake, where there is no current, the movement of the fish is controlled by winding the fishing line, as well as using pull-ups with a fishing rod.
Dead fish or bait fish are used to catch large individuals, as the "trifle" does not bite the fish. The use of live bait is justified in the autumn, when the instinct of a predator aggravates with trout.
Different flies used in the spring when fishing from the surface. This is precisely the period when nature begins to come to life and many insect larvae and insects themselves appear on the surface of the water. Flies cling to thin hooks so that the fish do not become cautious once again, and the bait has a natural game. During this period, the use of fly fishing is justified.
There are other bait, but it makes no sense to dwell on them, since they are not very popular among anglers. They are able to attract trout or not, depending on which pond the trout lives in. For a “successful hunt” for trout, the list described in the article is sufficient.
Spinning fishing trout are also unpredictable and a number of experimental casts with different types of baits are required. As practice suggests, good results when fishing for trout are shown by such a bait as a “mastermaster”. When fishing for trout, this may turn out to be the most catchy spinner, although it can be successfully caught on “spouts” and spinning spinners. In this case, it is very important to choose the right spinner both in size and in color.
Trout can attack a potential prey on the surface of the water, while it rises from a depth of 10m. In such conditions, the popper will work perfectly. For fishing in the water column, a “wobbler” is suitable, and you need to have several lures with different depths of immersion. Well and, of course, one should not forget about such a bait as a “mastermaster”, the advantage of this lure is that it has excellent flight characteristics, which allows you to throw it a considerable distance.
The size of the bait is selected depending on the size of the fish, which is found in this reservoir. If the reservoir is paid, then trout can reach a weight of 3 kg and above. The same applies to large natural reservoirs, where trout can have a weight of 10 kg or more. As for small or mountain rivers, these can be specimens no more than 1 kg. Therefore, under such conditions, smaller baits are used.
Very effective trout fishing with fly fishing, which involves the use of artificial flies. They do not fly off the hook, but very plausibly imitate natural insects. Moreover, you need to monitor which flies should be used. If this is a fly of a larva that has not yet departed or has already departed, although not so long ago, then this fact may alert the fish. She, without any fear, grabs those flies that mimic insects and larvae that are part of the trout diet at the moment. But here there is a huge field for the flight of fantasy, since trout can peck at flies that have a unique appearance or at flies that were previously ignored by it.
When to Trout
Trout can be caught all year long, and only the spawning period is an exception. Trout is a fish that prefers clean, cool water, so it can be found in mountain rivers, which are distinguished by their special purity. In summer, when the water begins to warm up with sunrise, the trout goes to the depths and waits for the sun to set and the water will begin to cool again. therefore the best hours for trout fishing in summer are evening, night and morning. Catching trout during the day is a waste of time, except that the weather will contribute to this.
In the spring it is better to catch trout in the afternoon, and in the fall it pecks around the clock. It can be caught only in crystal clear water. In case of turbidity, the activity of this fish also decreases. Depending on the region, the activity of trout is especially evident in the periods of departure of the mayfly. As a rule, this is the end of May and the beginning of June. In summer, the activity of trout decreases due to the heat, but in autumn its activity increases again and it is hardly possible to remain without a catch.
Where and how to catch trout
Since trout loves clean and cool water, its main habitats are mountain rivers, mountain lakes, where only trout and possibly grayling are found, as well as in large lakes, where other fish species are found along with this fish. This is a very careful and shy fish, so it is advisable to catch it in complete silence. She can be frightened off by an outside loud voice or a silhouette of a person. In this case, she will try to go to quieter places where such noises are absent.
Going fishing, you should stock up on camouflage clothing so as not to stand out from nature. Trout stands with its head against the tide in places where the tide is the fastest and the water is the coolest. Therefore, having determined the location of the trout, they approach it very carefully, and also, against the tide, so that it cannot see the movement on the shore. In such places, as a rule, water is saturated with oxygen more than in places where the flow is not so fast. In addition, in areas of slow flow, the water warms up faster, so the trout will always leave such places if the water temperature is above + 20 ° C.
Small flocks of small trout accumulate in areas of fast flow or at the borders of fast and slow flow. If there are large boulders in these places, then it can certainly be behind them, gaining strength after a long struggle with the current. Larger individuals prefer deeper places where there are natural shelters, in the form of snags or fallen trees. It can be seen near steep banks and in places where there are differences in depths.
Trout can be found both in the water column and closer to the surface, where it collects various insects that have fallen into the water. Depending on weather conditions, it can be found almost at the very bottom.
In other words, her favorite places are where the changes in the speed of the mountain river visually occur. Behind boulders in the area of bridges and various rapids, near waterfalls where oxygen is saturated with water, in estuaries, whirlpools, pits, and also at great depths, where the water is always cool, in the area of various natural or artificial shelters, where it can hide at any moment, sensing danger.
Climatic zones (marked on the map)
The 1st zone (highlighted in blue on the map) is a zone of particularly long, from October to May, ice formation.
2nd zone (yellow color) - a zone of stable, from November to April, ice formation.
3rd zone (red color) - a zone of short-term and unstable, from December to March, ice formation.
4th zone (gray color) - a zone in which ice phenomena are noted irregularly or completely absent.
For more information about climate zones, read Climate zones.
Trout: a brief description, habitats when to catch
Brook trout - pestle:
There are many subspecies of trout - brook, lake, Adriatic, marble, Sevan, gold, etc. The following characteristics are common, therefore, they may not correspond to the specific species of this fish.
- The longest trout (cm): 100
- Weight (kg): 20
- How old is trout: up to 24
- Spawning: see spawning time for trout in the table above.
- The best places for fishing: in fast-pit, near bushes and stones, in pits below rifts.
- The beginning of the best bite: in winter - on the first and last ice, in summer - with the flight of air insects.
- Best time to catch: day.
What are they catching?
What you want to catch trout can vary greatly from season to season. So, after spawning in the spring and summer, zhor can attack it, and here various insects and worms become very useful, and if you use pheromones, even corn can become a worthy bait. In the autumn, she begins to hunt more, and therefore she bites much better at live bait, but there is a small nuance here. For best results, start harvesting live bait fish from the summer and catch in the same reservoir in which you are going to hunt trout later.
Also, every experienced fisherman knows that it is better to use baits for a float fishing rod, such as:
- dung and earthworms,
- maggots. However, you need to be able to plant them,
- it’s better to catch trout on bait fish using spinning, but an ordinary rod is suitable for this purpose,
- especially the river predator loves cheese and corn in the summer, especially if you season them with special flavors and pheromones, which you can buy at any fishing store.
But you should experiment with a much larger number of lures, because sometimes trout can go well for red caviar, and in the summer it completely ignores live bait, but at the same time it bites well on dead fish.
Naturally, not everyone can afford such an expensive meal for trout quirks, how then to be? A good bite is possible even on ordinary wobblers, but picking up spinning with jibbing is worth it in the fall, when the cold is approaching.
А вот здесь придётся повозиться с наживкой, но одним из главных рыбных предпочтений по сей день остаётся кумжа. Правда, поймать её можно не во всех речках, поэтому куда удобнее использовать пресловутый кастмастер. In general, it is not worth getting spinning until the end of August, and in the future trout begins to strongly resemble salmon in terms of equipment and bait, which must be used. The same custodian boasts of his subtlety in almost any reservoir, not to mention the spinning and oscillating baubles, on which fish of both species are literally rushing.
You can also often see how professionals in calm weather and in clear waters catch this fish literally from the surface. And other things being equal, this is really possible, because sometimes, especially in times of famine, trout is ready to rise for prey even from 10 meters deep. In such cases, poppers are well suited.
But before using it, try:
- How a fish will behave on wobblers with various degrees of deepening.
- How will she react to live bait and dead fry.
- And also whether trout will attract jibbing.
If she actively jumps on the hook in each case, then you can relax and try something new using a popper.
When you select the size of the bait, at least roughly specify what size trout lives in the pond, because taking large wobblers, if there are individuals in the river to half a kilogram, does not make sense.
Lake trout never migrates. It remains in its pond, where it matures and multiplies. Sometimes in the lake you can find individuals reaching a weight of up to nine kilograms or more, but on average this fish weighs about seven hundred grams. The color of this trout depends on its specific habitat. If there is dark water in the pond or it has a peat admixture, then the fish that live in it also has a darkish hue, with large black spots all over the body. And vice versa, when trout lives in a lake with a bright sandy bottom, then its color is, respectively, lighter.
This subspecies of salmon is cold-water. He prefers to live in clean, clear water. The optimal parameters for the environment in which the growth and development of this fish are most successful are: the temperature of the reservoir is from 14 to 20 degrees, and the oxygen content is 7-8 mg / l. Lake trout, avoiding brightly lit areas, almost always hides in the shade, going to the depths. A long stay in bright light leads her into a depressed state, and her eggs and fry even die. Therefore, lake trout is most active on rainy and cloudy days, as well as in the evening and in the morning.
An important feature for the normal life of this fish is the constant need for easy access to the surface of the water. She must constantly fill her swimming bladder with air. That is why in closed cages deeply immersed in water, as well as in such reservoirs that are held in ice shell for a long time, lake trout cannot live.
During spawning, this fish, entering the tributaries - rivers and streams, rises upstream. But it also happens that she lays eggs on the spot. After spawning, a significant part of the already slightly grown juveniles returns to their native lake again, while a small number of them remain in the river and replenish the ranks of river trout.
This representative of the salmon family can be found in Lake Ladoga or Onega. The size of lake trout directly depends on the feed used by it. For example, trout living in pebble rivers or in lakes with a rich selection of various aquatic insects, as well as crustaceans, are usually larger than the one that lives in flood waters, where these feeds are much smaller.
Often it is caught both in Karelia and on the Kola Peninsula. There are many cold-water lakes where this fish feels especially well. Some forms of this fish are also found in high-altitude reservoirs in the Caucasus and Transcaucasia, where it feeds mainly on small fish, without disdaining insects and their larvae.
Fishing for lake trout is a very exciting and not at all simple task. Sometimes it is beyond the strength of a novice fisherman. In order not to decrease the amount of trout that lives in this reservoir, it is very important to adhere to all the rules established for catching - seasonality, limit, age of individuals.
This fishing does not recognize rush or unnecessary fuss. Sometimes an inexperienced person behaves extremely carelessly: comes up with noise to the water, adjusts his gear directly at the place of fishing, while making many sudden movements.
All these actions can lead to the fact that the trout, being very careful, will go to a secluded place and will not react to the bait for a long time. Therefore, anglers with extensive experience know that you need to prepare and set up gear no closer than ten meters from the casting site. In unfamiliar water bodies, you should first examine the coast and certain areas of the water surface to determine the location of the trout. Only when all prospects are really appreciated, you need to carefully and secretly, trying not to make noise, to approach the place of fishing. In some cases, fishermen even move crawling to go unnoticed by this shy fish. But the first casting not expected by the prey, as a rule, ends with a bite of a rather large specimen.
Where to catch
The place for fishing on the lake should be chosen taking into account many factors - the presence of a stream or a small river that flows into it, glades among aquatic vegetation, piling up stones, etc. It is necessary to choose areas between calm and fast currents, deep holes at waterfalls, erratic reaches, quiet bottom with large stones. The need for camouflage should also be considered.
In general, when choosing a fishing place, you need to be based on knowledge about the habits of prey. A thorough study of the reservoir in which lake trout is found will not ensure successful fishing. When spring fishing, you need to choose those places where, according to local anglers, prey usually spends wintering. Most often, these are pits, swirls of rifts or places in a weak stream, where there is enough food. With an increase in the level of the reservoir, it becomes muddy, so it can be difficult to find where the trout is standing at this time.
The season when fishing for lake trout begins depends on the region. In many Russian reservoirs, it occurs in March, when ice melts. Fishing is also possible in winter in non-freezing reservoirs, but you need to remember that this fish is not very active in the cold, so the results may not be predicted at all.
The activity of lake trout will increase when enough meltwater accumulates in the pond. Due to the fact that at this time the earth still remains frozen, the water is quite transparent and does not get cloudy. However, in this case, one should not expect enviable catches.
Trout is caught on a float, spinning or fly fishing rod. There are no special requirements for tackle: you just need to choose a sufficiently long rod so that there is an opportunity for long casting of the bait. Based on the characteristics of fishing for lake trout, the fisherman, while trying to remain unnoticed, should be at a certain distance from the edge of the water. The weight of the fishing rod must be chosen so as not to get tired of constantly holding it in your hands. It is not bad if the equipment is running with any type of reel and an arbitrary volume of the drum.
The fishing rod is equipped with fishing line with a diameter of 0.2-0.25 mm and a leash about a meter long. You need to use a subtle option, for example, transparent blue. As a rule, in the equipment for trout, only one hook is put - No. 6-8, however, when narrowing in a pond with a peat or muddy bottom, it makes sense to use two pieces. The distance between the leashes should be fifteen to twenty centimeters.
In cases where the lower hook with the bait is immersed in sludge, the upper one still remains in the working position. Standard sinkers can be used as sinkers; small pieces of lead tape also work well. They are fixed seven to ten cm above the hook, and in the presence of two stings - between them.
Experienced anglers recommend using small-sized floats with a soft color and, preferably, a spindle-shaped type on lake trout.
Lake trout is best caught on a leaf or dung worm, with the red variety being the most effective. For small individuals, the quality and size of the bait is not relevant, so many anglers attach half to the hook. Big trout prefers moving whole worms. If there are none at hand, then you can use insect larvae, the insides of the prey itself, as well as finely chopped fresh fish.
Since trout is more a predatory fish, bait should include ingredients that have a natural fish smell. It can be fishmeal, shrimp (smell) or squid smell. As with any other fish, bait should be properly prepared so that it creates a feed cloud in the water, actively attracting fish. To do this, you can use special purchased components (geysers) or add floating components to the bait. You can use pellets for trout. They can not only feed fish, but also apply as bait. The activity of biting trout is strongly influenced by the color of bait or bait. She prefers bright colors. For a more attractive effect, bright dyes should be added to the bait.
Most anglers do not even realize that trout can be fed so that fishing is always effective. If you can fish in one pond, then you can use the following recommendations: first, trout is fed every hour, and then the feeding process is brought up to once a day, and then to once a week. Thus, the fish will constantly visit the place of interest to her. In this case, you can always be with a catch. But this option does not fit a body of water that is at a considerable distance.
Video “Fishing for trout for spinning”
Many spinningists are fond of trout fishing, if it is found in nearby ponds. Such fishers can very easily go from catching one species of predator to another. Spinning can be considered a universal gear that can catch any, even peaceful fish. It all depends on the level of imagination of the fisherman and the ability to handle a spinning rod. Many spinningists use spinning for bottom fishing, just change the configuration of the equipment.