A feeding trough is not only a great way to feed the friends of our birds. If you creatively approach the issue of its manufacture, you can create a real garden decoration. We offer a selection of ideas that will tell you how to make a bird feeder with your own hands. And master classes from the editors of HomeMyHome.ru will help to study the intricacies of manufacturing and will reveal the secrets of building drawings.
Types of designs of bird feeders for street birds with a photo
Depending on what goals you pursue in the manufacture of the feeder, the following types of its design differ.
- Tray. The easiest kind of feeders. The elementary design implies a small pallet with sides mounted on a tree with a strong thread or fishing line,
To make such a "pelvis" is not difficult, especially if you have at hand an ordinary cardboard box and a clothesline. Of the minuses, it can be noted that with strong winds, such structures are overturned, and all the feed is on the ground.
- Dispensing platforms - An improved model of the previous type of feeding trough. It is a tray where the birds will regale, and a sealed container with a mechanism for the gradual supply of feed as it decreases. As a rule, the dispenser is made from an ordinary plastic bottle fixed to the tray with the hole down at a small distance so that the feed spills out on its own. To make, of course, such feeders is more difficult, but in the end you get a high-quality, convenient and durable design.
- Houses− the most common feeders of all species diversity. In addition, if you creatively approach the issue of creation, you can make a real shelter for birds and an original decoration of the garden for yourself.
Inspired by the ideas of creating simple feeders? If so, then our small workshops are for you.
DIY birdhouse: drawings, sizes, materials. How to make a birdhouse yourself, how to decorate and properly install it, photo examples of creative houses - read in our publication.
Interesting do-it-yourself bird feeder made of wood
We offer step-by-step instructions on how to make a beautiful bird house-feeder on your own, as in the photo below.
Wooden bird feeder
The main material is small logs that can be cut from ordinary cuttings for a shovel or rake. Fast, cheap and original. All other parts are also made of wood. In order to implement such a masterpiece, in addition to raw materials, you will need a special wood drilling machine and jigsaw. Without them it will be possible to do, but not the fact that it will turn out just as neatly and beautifully.
|We cut logs from cuttings of 30 cm long. In total, 36 pieces should be obtained. 24 pieces - for walls, and parts from logs to the pediment. Residues are spare parts in case of damage to the main elements.|
|We are preparing a machine with a crown on a tree of suitable diameter to make recesses in the logs that will serve as a fastener for the future feeding trough.|
|To make parts look similar, and the mounting recesses fit perfectly together, it is best to make pair holes. To do this, we fasten the two blanks together with adhesive tape on both sides for better fixation and measure out 3 cm at both ends.|
|We make holes on the machine in the logs fixed at each other at both ends.|
|To assemble the house you will also need round wooden sticks. Sushi sticks are ideal, but not round, but flat. In accordance with their diameter, we make a hole in each recess of the log. And we begin to collect the walls of the house.|
|When finished with the construction, make sure that all the walls are level and glue the logs together.|
|We cut out the template for the future roof from plywood. The size and slope depend on the design of the resulting frame of the house.|
|According to the pattern, we cut the logs on both sides obliquely. We make a hole in the middle for the stick and glue the resulting structure. From the front side, we make a hole in the “attic” if desired. Also, to give rigidity to the structure, we launch the transverse beam and glue it.|
|The roof can be made from any available sheet material. In our case, moisture-proof plywood was used. Small parts were cut to the size of the resulting house.|
|We proceed to the decor of the house - doors, visor, attic. All this is done manually from the remnants of plywood. In the shops for needlework, you can buy various decorative trifles, for example, like a door lock. In our case, the door simply sticks to the wall.|
|We make a pallet for the house from ordinary boards.|
|It’s best not to twist them together, but to glue them together, as shown in the photo.|
|We paint over the house, make the sides on the pallet so that the food does not spill out, and you can hang the resulting birdhouse-feeder in the garden.|
If you have any questions, you can find answers to them in the video provided.
DIY plywood bird feeder
To make a feeder out of plywood, you will need special tools to work with it, such as a jigsaw, screwdriver, carpentry glue, self-tapping screws, tape measure, pencil, building corner and glue. We make a small-sized hopper-type feeder, approximately as in the drawing below. It was simplified a little by putting only two walls that will be fastened, forming the shape of a triangle.
Do-it-yourself bird house drawing
All work takes place in several stages. Using a jigsaw, we cut out the necessary details. Their sizes and shapes are shown in the photo below.
On the edges of the bottom we attach small sticks so that their total height is approximately 5-7 cm.
Attention! On the side with a length of 27 cm, we mount the blocks so that small indents along the edges are obtained - no more than 7 mm.
To the side where the indentation turned out, we mount the side walls. To make the whole structure stable, we strengthen it along the connection of the side parts with a bar.
Assembly assembly Ready product
Impregnate the resulting feeder so that the plywood does not deteriorate as long as possible under the influence of precipitation and temperature changes.
How to make a feeder out of the box - quick and easy
A bird feeder from a cardboard box is an option for those who want to do everything as quickly and simply as possible.
New Year's feeder A box of toys is also useful Do not throw away tetrapackets - this is an excellent building material!
It remains only to choose a box stronger, cut a hole for the birds in it, work out the method of fastening - and the design is ready. It is a pity that she will lose shape very quickly. But this business is fixable and practically worthless.
Master class on how to make a feeder out of a plastic bottle
Plastic bottles are one of the most common recycled materials suitable for making all kinds of useful things with your own hands. Feeding troughs are also no exception. We offer step-by-step instructions for making a cute and durable feeding trough. This will require:
- 1.5 and 2 liter plastic bottles,
- paint in cans,
- glue gun
- glue "Moment",
|Cut the bottoms of two-liter bottles in the amount of three pieces. To look more interesting, you can cut the edges with petals, burn them with a lighter, getting a wavy edge.|
|In the middle of the bottoms we make a hole and string them on a wire.|
|We cut off the top at the 1.5 liter bottle and, like at the bottoms, we process the edges with a lighter.|
|We string the neck on the wire and paint the resulting structure with paint.|
|We swab the edges with a contrasting color.|
|Cut the bottom of the 1.5 liter bottle, cut the hole and also singe a lighter.|
|We connect the lower and upper parts with a glue gun.|
|Cut the weed from the rest of the bottles. And on a glue gun we attach them to the bottom.|
A tit feeder is ready. Pour more food there and observe the growth of the bird population in your garden.
The content of the article
- 1 Easy Way to Feed Birds
- 2 We use plastic bottles
- 2.1 whip up
- 2.2 We complicate the design
- 2.3 glass feeder
- 2.4 Video: making a plastic bottle feeder
- 3 Using glass
- 3.1 Video: glass feeder
- 4 Other available materials
- 4.1 Pumpkin
- 4.1.1 Video: pumpkin feeder
- 4.2 Spring from the sofa
- 4.3 Car air filter
- 4.4 Teapot
- 4.5 Old bread box
- 5 Using different boxes
- 5.1 Box of tin
- 6 Branches
- 7 Plywood
- 8 log
- 9 From the rails
- 10 Useful Tips
- 11 Pictures of original feeders
- 11.1 Video: original ideas brought to life
- 12 Drawings and sketches
In the courtyards and parks you can see bird feeders. If you want to design something special, extraordinary, then we will tell you how to make a bird feeder yourself.
An easy way to give birds food
The feeder can be made from improvised means, for example, take a piece of board, plywood or any flat and durable material that is at hand and place it higher from the ground. This way food will remain available to birds.
This is a temporary measure, as precipitation may occur or the feed will simply blow away in the wind. But such a feeder can save birds from starvation.
If a hole is cut out on the side of the bottle, then we can say that we have done half the work. Near the neck you need to make 2 holes with an awl, put in the wire and fix the feeder on a tree or shrub branch. If you feed the bottom, after a while you can see how the birds fly there.
So that moisture does not spoil the feed when it gets inside the bottle of sediment, drainage holes should be made in the lower part of the tank.
We complicate the design
From a plastic bottle, you can make a feeder with a "dispensing window." Having picked up a container of suitable size, cut a small hole on one side, and pierce the bottle with scissors on the opposite side. Insert the wooden spoon with the handle forward, so that it fits snugly into the pierced hole. The spoon should be positioned so that the seeds slide into it, as the birds peck the food. The number of spoons involved can be different, but most often there are two.
To hang the bottle, you can pierce the cork with an awl (or nail), thread a nylon thread into it, and tie a knot inside the cork.
How to decorate a gray, unsightly bottle? If desired, you can make a feeder decoration of any garden.
You can make a simple design from a plastic bottle, which will be attached directly to the glass using suction cups. The device of such a feeder is very simple, and for its manufacture you will need only 1 container and 2 suction cups.
A small square or rectangular hole is made with a construction knife. With a soldering iron or a hot-burning nail on one side of the bottle, you need to make 2 holes into which the suction cup heads will fit tightly. In our case, the suction cups were with hooks, so we first removed them, and then they secured them, inserting them into their places, but already inside the bottle.
On the positive side can be attributed the fact that the birds can be observed almost close to them. A significant drawback is that the birds defecate near the feeder, so the glass and tide will have an unsightly appearance.
Glassware can be used to distribute food to birds. The container must be securely fastened down with the neck at a small distance from any platform. Pour the feed into this container and replace it (holding the hole with your finger so that the grains do not spill out). As the feed is consumed, the one in the bottle will enter the site.
Other materials at hand
It will not be difficult to come up with a lot of ways with which you can feed the birds.
Tits are not only fond of grains. You can feed such gourmets by hanging on a branch a piece of unsalted fat, wrapped in rope or wire.
If you buy supermarket-packaged products in supermarkets, you can also use this container by pouring nuts there.
From a small loose feed, you can mold a ball (adding flour and water) and also hang it in a net. In frosty weather, the food can be mixed with vegetable oil. Milk or sour cream for these purposes is not suitable, since the bird organism does not accept such food.
In order to protect the feed from rainfall, it is possible to build a plywood roof.
The pumpkin feeder can be called waste-free production, as the birds first eat the feed, and then the edible “dining room” itself. In the pumpkin, it is enough to cut holes and pull out the core.
You can cut the pumpkin in half, thread a rope with a knot tied at the bottom through both halves. To fix it in a disconnected state, between the halves you need to install spacers from twigs. In extreme cases, you can use pencils as coasters. The upper edge of a rope threaded through a pumpkin is tied to a branch, and the feeder is ready to receive feathered guests.
Wood Bird Feeders
There are several types of feeders that can be made from wood. Firstly, these are feeders, which look like a base made of plywood or other similar material with sides at the edges, preventing the feasts from crumbling.
Most often, this design is suspended from a tree branch on thick ropes.
But such a feeder has a number of disadvantages. The most obvious is that this design does not protect the feed poured into it from rain and weather. It is also light enough and can move or roll over with the wind.
The second version of the tree feeders is more like a house and has a roof. In such feeders the food is reliably protected from the weather. The basis of the design looks the same as in the first version, only on it are the supports that support the roof.
The roof can be either straight or have a pitched structure. Any child can make a direct roof, because in fact it is a rectangular piece of sing plywood, only a little larger than the base.
The pitched roof has a slightly more complicated structure, but it is better in that it, unlike a straight roof, does not accumulate snow on it and it does not have to be cleaned periodically.
There are also original versions of feeders made of wood. For example, a feeder can be made from ordinary logs. To do this, you will need a chainsaw, a chisel and a hammer, as well as a chain and rings for hanging.
First you need to saw off two logs from the log on both sides of the future feeding trough. Then the wedges are cut along the entire log, and longitudinal and transverse cuts are made, not reaching even the bark of about 5 centimeters.
This is necessary so that later it is easier to remove the middle from the workpiece with a chisel. After all the work has been completed, the previously cut round beads are nailed on both sides of the feeder.
It remains only to screw the rings and attach the chain on which it will be possible to hang the feeder.
Spring from the sofa
Such things and objects that usually have nowhere else to apply can be used.
If you still have the spring from the old sofa, then you can also use it by holding pieces of bread between the turns. Such a feeder can be suspended both vertically and horizontally.
Plastic bottle feeders
For feeding birds, plastic bottles are also used as feeders. It can be either 5-6 liter containers or small 1.5-2 liter bottles.
Most often, a plastic bottle is turned into a feeder by cutting several windows in the case.
Then such feeders are suspended horizontally or vertically depending on the design. For the convenience of birds, cross poles are installed near the bottom of the feeder.
But sometimes you can find quite original feeders, which provide for the automatic addition of feed. These are the so-called bunker feeders.
Such a feeder may consist of two wooden spoons inserted obliquely into the through holes in the bottle. Thus, the feed from the bottle will gradually spill out onto the spoon.
A bunker feeder can be made from a 2 liter bottle. To do this, it is enough to cut the bottle in half, make round holes at the bottom, and turn the top over and put the neck down. The top can be covered with a lid or a disposable plate. In such a feeder for a long time it will not be necessary to add food.
Car air filter
A metal mesh feeder can be seen on the store counter, but a similar design can be built from a used paper car air filter.
Для изготовления нужно отрезать верхнюю часть фильтра, а бумажную начинку удалить (можно вместе с внутренней или наружной сеткой, если не планируется корм засыпать между них). Снаружи фильтра, к верхней части сетки, привязывается проволока, которая послужит петелькой для подвешивания кормушки на дерево. Внутрь насыпается подходящий корм, а срезанную верхнюю часть фильтра можно использовать в качестве крышки.
To reduce feed loss, you can glue a plastic bucket lid to the bottom of the feeder with hot melt adhesive. From the same cover you can make a canopy.
Handy materials for creating bird feeders
The simplest feeder that you can think of is a garland of mountain ash, cones or berries. A feast for the birds strung on a rope will decorate young trees in the garden. The only drawback of such a feeder is that as the food is eaten, the garland loses its appearance.
An interesting solution would be the manufacture of feeders in the form of lumps with grain or seeds. Such decorations can be placed on benches, tables or simply hung on trees in nets, which are usually sold in the store tangerines.
They are based on fat or gelatin. Melt the fat and add the main feed to it. Then the finished substance is poured into molds (it can be baking dishes or a regular balloon) and placed in a cold place for solidification.
Also come with dissolved gelatin mixed with grain.
If you have a coconut shell lying around, then it can also be used to make a feeder.
As a result, such a design will be invisible on the tree. Juice or milk boxes are also suitable for making feeders. Their very design will not differ much from simple feeders made of plastic bottles.
If you have an old kettle and throw it a pity, but you can no longer use it for its intended purpose, then you can make a feeder out of it. How to suspend it? Drilling a hole in a faience product is a thankless task, so you can use hot-melt adhesive. If there is a hole in the cap, then you need to stick the ends of the rope into it and make a knot inside. For safety, it is better to tie a small washer. Now the lid can be glued to the teapot, the neck of which will now serve as an entrance for the birds.
Old bread box
Looking into the barn or pantry, you can find things that are "hard to carry, but sorry to leave." These include the old metal bread box. Great imagination is not required for its placement - tied a rope and hung on a branch.
Similarly, an unnecessary plastic container can be used.
Using different boxes
It will also be easy to make a feeder out of the box from juice or wine.
One or two windows are cut out in the box in such a way that there is a small feed bowl below.
When cutting the window, you can take care to protect the food from rain. To do this, a small visor is left, but so that it does not fall and does not close the entrance, it can be fixed with kapron thread in the open position.
To make a large cardboard feeder, you need a big box. With a construction knife or scissors, a window of the desired size is cut out in it. If the box is very large, then a smaller product can be cut out of it and wrapped with tape. It is important to realize that such a feeder will last only until the first rain.
Often, manufacturers sell products in tin boxes, which can also be used to make feeders.
In addition to the bank itself, we will need:
- metal or plastic chain - 2 m (4 pieces of 0.5 m each),
- split ring (used for keys),
- small cotter pin - 8 pcs. (you can do with knitting wire)
- alcohol marker
- wire cutters or scissors
Now let's start manufacturing.
- As accurately as possible, it is necessary to mark 4 points on the bank and transfer the same marks to the lid.
- According to the marks with an awl, you need to make holes so that the cotter pin passes through them.
- We cut the chain into four pieces of 50 cm with wire cutters.
- Passing the cotter pin through the outermost link of the chain, insert it into the hole and push the ends of the jar from the inside of the can.
- Having measured 15 cm of the chain (starting from the can), we will extend the remaining 4 cotter pins into it and fix the lid with them.
- Now in the ears of the free ends of the chain we will extend the split ring.
After hanging the feeder on a branch, look in which direction the box is sloping, and in the bottom (inside) pierce it with an awl - this will be a drainage hole.
From large branches you can collect the original manger. To do the job you will need an ax, a hammer, nails and a little imagination.
Products made of plywood are quite durable, but are afraid of moisture.
A simple version of the feeder consists of just a pallet with sides, two pieces of plywood serving as a roof, and a rope connecting all the parts. To fix the bottom and the roof in the desired position, knots are tied on the rope.
If there is a desire and a jigsaw, then you can construct a more complex feeder using one of the drawings.
When harvesting firewood, there are logs with a rotten core. This piece of the trunk will serve as the basis for us. You need to remove the core. Windows are drilled in the hollow trunk or its longitudinal part is cut out. The ends are closed with selected "plaques", sawn off from other trunks. The feeder from the tree trunk can be found both in horizontal and vertical versions.
For manufacturing you will need:
For the manufacture of the roof and bottom, you can use plastic or LDL (which can be found, since this material is sold only in large sheets).
In the manufacture of any design, it is convenient and practical to use drawings in which the dimensions of the parts are indicated. We will also use the drawing in order to cut all the workpieces in size.
They can be lightly treated with an emery cloth.
First, we will collect a narrower part of the future feeding trough, scoring 3 nails on each side.
Then, in a similar way, the entire frame is assembled. If the nails are short, then 5 pieces can be used.
We will install the frame on the prepared bottom and outline it with a pencil on the outside - so we get a marking on which it will be necessary to saw this part, and then nail.
In order to fix the upper rails, we use 4 screws - 1 pc. for each attachment point.
From the remaining slats, we make the upper part of the feeder, fastening the parts with screws. The final stage will be marking, sawing and fixing the roof. The joint of two sheets of roof sheathing can be hidden by nailing a rail-corner on top.
There are some points that need to be considered when manufacturing and determining the installation location of the feeder:
- Cats should not be underestimated, because they can get to the feeder, and then the birds will fly away or become prey of a domestic predator.
- The feeder needs to be done with a large roof, then it will not get much rain.
- Entrance to the feeder should not be small, since fear can be stronger than hunger, and birds may not take advantage of your hospitality.
- The design is best made from a moisture resistant material, then it will last a long time. Other materials must be treated with water repellents.
- If the feeder is too light or has a large windage, then a gust of wind, it can be turned upside down. Even short-term roll-over will result in all feed being on the ground. Lightweight construction needs to be weighted.